The Book of Job and the Epic of Gilgamesh were set around the 13th century before Christ, and both stories were placed in the region of ancient Mesopotamia. Both stories have a great deal of religious themes, although the Epic of Gilgamesh leans more on the mythological side while the Book of Job maintains a more spiritual-religious tone and message. It should also be noted that there are differences with regards to the culture of the ancient Sumerians and the Israelites. The ancient Sumerians were very much a polytheistic culture that made a society and civilization that revolved around the worship of its many deities and mythical heroes. Gilgamesh, for example, is taken in high regard of worship by ancient Sumerians. On the other hand, Israelite or Hebrew culture was very monotheistic. The Hebrews believed that there is only one true God, in their language Yahweh or Jehovah, and He is the Lord of everything and His Will is supreme and good. Israelite society centers on this in the sense that they worship no other being or thing other than God Himself, and submit to completely to His Will. In understanding each story’s civilization and cultural background, it would be easier to understand the parallels between the two. The first contrast between the story of Gilgamesh and Job is who the characters are in the nature of their portrayal. According to ancient Sumerian mythological tradition, Gilgamesh is a semi-divine, or demi-god, of extraordinary strength and was also one of the great kings of Uruk. Gilgamesh could be described as a proud, powerful and confident in personality based on his character in the Epics written about him. Gilgamesh is also an adventurer as much as he was a king, and went into many arduous and sometimes dangerous exploits with his man-beast friend Enkidu. To say the least, Gilgamesh was every bit as warrior like as much and kingly. On the other hand, the Hebrew Job is in far contrast to Gilgamesh. Job is a complete human being with no supernatural powers. Although not a mighty king Job is considered to be a very wealthy man, with large livestock herds, and a large and healthy family by ancient Hebrew standards. Unlike the ancient Sumerians, the Israelites did not settle is fortified city-kingdoms and were nomadic in nature. Instead, the Israelites would establish nomadic communities on lands that were fertile enough to support the habitation of both people and livestock. Since Job had a healthy and growing number of both livestock and his family, he most certainly had even larger tracts of fertile land for him to support that kind of population. Job would spend most of his time with his family in agriculture and livestock raising, living a pastoral and peaceful life. Now, the reasons why both Job and Gilgamesh were given suffering also differ. In the case of Gilgamesh, it was more of divine retribution. The fact that the exploits of Gilgamesh and Enkidu affected the disposition of the Sumerian deities was of no small matter. It is as Ferguson noted that Gilgamesh is especially proud of his expedition with Enkidu to the cedar mountain in which he killed the guardian and chopped down the sacred cedar” (327). In the case of Job, suffering was brought unto him as a test of his faith to Yahweh and also a test of his character. Gilgamesh lost his closest friend
Comparing and Contrasting Gilgamesh with Job The stories of the Sumerian hero Gilgamesh and the Biblical Job hold similarities in theme. Divine will set upon them with difficult trials and suffering as a test of the main protagonists’ character. The ancient stories of Gilgamesh and Job hold a lot particularly similar lessons as well as certain contrasts…
614). These universal issues of human life are beautifully presented in the epic through the transformations of its main characters: Gilgamesh and Enkidu, who could be understood symbolizing the contradictions of life from which the meaning of life is realized.
The Epic Hero is larger than life. He embodies mythic traits beyond that of an ordinary man: deeper flaws and greater strengths, tragic losses and valiant triumphs. The civilization shapes the notions of the Epic Hero, but certain constants persist. He is brave, powerful, and in constant contact with the supernatural world, unhindered by the constraints of true mortality.
The narratives of Gilgamesh and Rama are entrenched in the very society and history in which they are made. Gilgamesh and Rama have three general similarities: (1) both are divine kings, (2) they travel to different and alien places; and (3) shared tragedy.
It is interesting to learn other languages and be able to help people understand others who do not speak the same language they use. It has always been a fulfilling experience for me to be able to make two people understand each other and create better relationships by translating languages.
What is Hume’s theory regarding causation? How does it show the limits of human understanding?
David Hume. The problem with philosophers like Hume is simple. They think up to the physical, mental and intellectual levels. At this stage they find themselves blocked.
The ability to handle diverse people, the capacity to solve problems without escalating them are desirable for any individual seeking to serve as a ground hostess, owing to the fact that encountering some mini-crisis is not too uncommon, especially when dealing with tired and exhausted people (Air hostess, 2012 n.p.).
This study looks into the story of Gilgamesh, in several Sumerian versions, was at first generally known in the third millennium B.C. After a long oral history of retelling, this story in a regulated Akkadian version was recorded in the seventh century B.C., to be kept in the celebrated library of King Assurbanipal of Nineveh, written on twelve tablets.
Gilgamesh and Rama have three general similarities: (1) both are divine kings, (2) they travel to different and alien places; and (3) shared tragedy. First, Gilgamesh is a sacred king in the ancient Babylonian kingdom who greatly
Gilgamesh is a ruggedly and super strong mortal king of Uruk. The king spends most of his free time making love to each new bride on the eve of their wedding. These women’s husbands are not pleased with Gilgamesh’s
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