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The Foundation of Orthodoxy and the Canon
Religion and Theology
Pages 6 (1506 words)
THE FOUNDATION OF ORTHODOXY AND THE CANON Student Name Religion and Theology November 12, 2012 Introduction This paper deals with the early stage of development of the Christian canon, from the beginning of the 2nd century and to 325 CE. The diversity of early Christian writings is taken into account, and the relation between heretical movements and the earliest attempts of defining the prescribed readings about Christ and apostles is described.
Bauer, one of the most remarkable scholars of early Christianity, refutes the view that Jewish tendency in the formation of Christian canon was limited to the activities of Ebionites. He turns attention to the Syrian Jewish communities and the writings like Kerigmata Petrou and Didascalia that interpret Jesus as a “true prophet” and rely on the Peter’s Gospel while dismissing Paul’s views2. Jewish writings in general tended to favor Matthew and disregard Paul, as Paul was one of the most active proponents on the independence of Christian doctrine from the Old Testament code of conduct (the diet, circumcision, and a holiday once a week prescribed by it)3. Matthew’s Gospel openly demands the acceptance of Jewish Law; that is why it was largely supported by different early Jewish Christian movements4. ...
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