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The Crusaders and the Church - Research Paper Example

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Neither can the writings of apostles and church fathers (prosecuted by Romans) be the departure point for analysis2. It is evident by now, that there are differences in three aforementioned texts and moral approaches, and the task of researcher is to clarify the motives behind different rhetorical strategies rather than search for positive models of behavior. The Main Controversy It was no secret for medieval church leaders that peaceful message of the New Testament was not appropriate for preaching in their violent world3. Moreover, there has always been an opposition to calls for the butchery of infidels: for example, Charlemagne was opposed y such influential figures as Alcuin of York and John Scot Erigena4. It was not until the 11th century AC that violent practices actually won full legitimacy in the church writings5. Moreover, those who came to battles fully realized what a demanding task it was, often spiritual rather than physical. For many knights, especially the participants of the first crusades, the march was a form of religious initiation and repentance performed with prayers, fasts, and vows6. The difference is striking: one group of people, the clergy, was legally prohibited to take part in the crusades7; the spiritual leaders were against the murders or at least saw the controversy. Another group, the knights and the people of lower social classes helping them, did not feel that wars for the cross were controversial. That is how with the advent of the new influential social strata new morality code appeared in the already multifaceted Christian worldview. This new morality deserves more detailed examination. The Knighthood Phillips observes that the pope Urban II (who inspired the First Crusade) was sensitive to the needs of the new social class of war aristocracy, as the pope himself came from the like circles: He linked several ingredients familiar to medieval society, such as pilgrimage and the idea of a holy war against the enemies of God, with an unprecedented offer of salvation, a combination almost guaranteed to enthuse the warriors of western Europe8. Another accepted practice of this class was vengeance, which ideally corresponded the mission of the crusaders and echoed the Old Testament9. Many knights were pious and perceived their war service as a kind of spiritual mission. The examples was the knight Matthew described by Guibert of Nogent10. The customs like throwing away weapons after the crusade, fasting before serious military missions, temporary celibate and making testaments before departure was widespread throughout the whole history of crusades11. The very idea of abandoning home and family for the unknown future, the voluntary exile was in line with the practices of self-humiliation more appropriate for monks12. Still, even those monastic practices were not ‘innocent’ in class terms: they testified that the knighthood takes part in the crusades voluntarily and autonomously, unlike the participants of most holy wars around the world (this is the reason why Riley-Smith distinguishes the ‘holy war’ aspect of crusades from the ‘penitential’ aspect)13. However, not all the knights were pious in this monastic sense. There is plenty of evidence of their greed, hedonism, and cruelty. A notorious example was Hugh, count of Avranches (11th century AC), a glutton, a butcher, and a typical representative of “ ...Show more


The Crusaders and the Church Just as centuries before, the tales about the crusading heroes inspire hose who hear them for battles. However, this time, the battles are about the historical and moral significance of crusades, which is quite a debatable topic nowadays…
Author : raymundo19
The Crusaders and the Church essay example
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Assignment 1
Crusaders originated from the military expeditions of the Christians of West Europe. However, after the end of Levant campaigns, the term was still used to refer to the expeditions that followed against the Islamic regimes. This was witnessed within the western Christian churches in which the prevailing conditions and the powers of the Muslim’s regime were seen as a threat to Christianity.
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It is believed that after the consecration of Peter by Jesus, he went and founded a church in Rome. Peter was Catholic’s first Bishop. Through the Roman Empires well structured roads, the apostles of Jesus were able to move around and spread Christianity thus, were able to convert some Jewish communities.
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In essence, the bishop led polity is a model of church governance that involves a hierarchy in which a bishop carries the responsibility of shepherding the believers of this polity. Secondly, there is the Presbyterian polity in which elders have the responsibility of governing this church.
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In response to the Christian religious authority’s call, the European nations organized themselves and led a number of invasions on the Muslim army in the Holy Land. Almost all of the crusades took place between 1095 and 1291. The Crusaders fought those wars mainly in Asia Minor and the Levant.
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with the sermon of Pope Urban the II in a religious gathering at the Clermont, France in November 27, 1095 where called for arms to reclaim the Holy Land1 (Tyrman 2004, 26-28). The call to arms was “a war answering Gods command, authorized by a legitimate authority, the pope,
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The first crusade took place in 1905 and it was focused on reclaiming Jerusalem, the location in which Jesus was crucified, from the Muslims (Crawford 1). It was organized under the watch of pope Urban
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A look into the factors behind crusades makes it evident that they, in no way, advanced the cause of Christ because they were against the Christian
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