StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The development of the Papacy - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
The development of the Papacy

Following this recognition, this essay examines the development of the papacy. While the contemporary office of the Pope constitutes a single individual this was not always historically true. During the early era of the Catholic Church, there were a number of popes, as the term referred to specific church leaders (Bokenkotter, p. 49). During the beginning of the Christian Church, there is the recognition that there was not a need for religious leaders, as the size of the religion was minimal. At this time there were only local leaders or bishops that organized many church gatherings and promoted the religion among the surrounding regions. During the first century, Rome was only emerging as a Christian center and as such, the extensive papal development would only gradually take hold. Towards the end of the second century, Rome became solidified as this Christian center. At this time, the Church of Rome was designated as the primary church to which all others should answer. In this way there is the recognition of the office of the Pope as originating from structural developments of church organization, rather than the innate religious nature of the office or individual (Bokenkotter, p. 111). According to the Catholic Church, the office of the Pope functions as a direct lineage of leadership leading back to the Apostle Saint Paul. This perspective positions the office as something that is intrinsic to the Christian faith and subsequently a natural extension of the word of God. To an extent then the Pope can be viewed as possessing a relationship with God that would position him as the most important person in the universe. In many ways the Pope’s social and political power would reflect this recognition. By the third century, following the Council of Nicaea, the papacy assumed the form it contains today. The Pope’s power continued to grow through the third and four centuries. With the fifth century, the world experienced the fall of the Roman Empire to invading German armies. Following the fall of Rome, the papacy gained increased power as many people turned to the Pope for continuity of leadership. The following Medieval Period would find the Pope at an all-time high of personal power. Following the ascension of Constantine as the Roman Emperor, he established the decree that all future Roman Emperors would require the approval of the Pope (Orlandis 1993, p. 34). The increasing connection between the Pope and political authorities would greatly expand the power and reach of the papacy. Subsequently, this period witnessed a significant amount of developments in the papacy. In 1073, Pope Gregory VII instituted the Gregorian Reforms (Orlandis 1993, p. 40). These rules raised the standards for leaders within the Catholic Church, notably encouraging celibacy among members. Perhaps the ultimately display of the Pope’s power, however, occurred during the Crusades. During this period Alexius, I even had to go to Pope Urban II to gain military support to guard against Muslim invasions. For the papacy, this demonstrates the significant political power the Pope had attained during the Medieval Period. From the 11th century onward, the papacy would experience a declining amount of influence. Because of the Pope’s involvement in many earlier conflicts, a schism emerged in the Church that divided the East and West. The onset of the Protestant Reformation in the ...Show more


Development of the Papacy Today the Papacy is an indelible part of religious culture. Millions of American and people around the world regularly regard the Pope as having direct access to God. Subsequently the Pope’s perspective on morals greatly influences these people’s own decision-making…
Author : nyasiastanton
The development of the Papacy essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The development of the Papacy"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Historiography of the Failures of the Late Medieval Papacy
Instead, the papacy independent of the personalities that occupied the institution has been effectively undermined, experiencing a consistent and inevitable erosion of its power and authority. Two historians – Walter Ullmann and Paul Misner, who documented this upheaval in the Roman Catholic history, will be the subject of this paper.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
44). This in turn requires a sincere and complex educational and attitudinal effort on the part of the personnel to modify and tailor ones attitudes, beliefs and values in a way that enable the organization to adapt to and accommodate the emerging changes and challenges in term of technology, customer aspirations, altering market trends, ongoing economic cycles and the very process of change itself (Rampensad 2005, p.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Renaissance Popes: Creation of New Rome
According to Marilyn Chase, the circumstances paved the way for a rebirth of classical antiquity in Italy between 1350 and 1550; recapturing the ideals and beliefs of Rome and Greece in art, politics, literature, and social life (2). The Renaissance started early in Italy and slowly progressed throughout the rest of Europe (Berdine 1).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
2012). A 3rd characteristic was added to disaster when the notion of uncertainty of event was to be another distinguishing factor of disaster. But for Sundar, I. and Sezhiyan, S.T. (2012, Front Cover), the definition of disaster is a crisis not within the control of a human being due to its “widespresd damage” and one that people cannot immediately recover due to substantial damages.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Weems. The hypothesis of the study is that interparental violence, or violence that occurs between fathers and mothers, has an associated set of outcomes on children who are witness to this violence, causing them to either internalize or externalize either emotional or behavioral problems.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Catholic Papacy
The Pope, who is the bishop of Rome, became the central figure of Christianity. The word Pope is derived from Greek word Pappas meaning father and Pope became the father figure of not only the Church, but also for all the followers of the religion. The legend goes on to say that Jesus selected St.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The changes in medieval italian society and the papacy
500 CE). The Middle Ages witnessed the most horrifying events in Europe's recorded history such as famines, black death, and prolonged wars. Remarkably, Italy as well as the rest of the European society came out more strongly and gained rapid recovery. The life activity for an average person during the Middle Ages revolved around an agrarian calendar.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The comprehension and the definition balanced to take to account the effects and the causes of the process. The first tension lies between the choice of the
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Initially, it was the governments that were taking the initiative of spearheading development in a country. During those times, there were few economic challenges. However, in the meantime, the world has become dynamic. For instance, challenges
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Church Reform and Religious Enthusiasm in late 11th-early 12th century
iritual and temporal authority of the Church was recognized as a unifying factor in all of Western Europe and it is for this reason that he took the unprecedented step of defining the relationship between Church and state during this period.1 The purpose of the reforms that were
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us