Taoist beliefs are a way of life including ways of your daily activities i.e. meditation, breathing, diet, use of natural materials. Taoism is all about staying aligned with the natural and basic way of life which the humans have gotten far away from, it’s about the natural cycle of our life system and planet. Both Taoist and Confucian beliefs share the same meaning, they have co-existed in China for over 2000 years. Both of these started as philosophies and turned into religious beliefs. The difference between Taoism and Confucianism is that one relates itself with the search of meaning and the other guides through social matters respectively. 2) Compare and contrast the four schools of Japanese Buddhism we examined in class (Pure Land of Honen and Shinran, Nichiren Buddhism, and Zen) with regard to the issue of self-power (jiriki) and other-power (tariki). Discuss the implications of each school's position in relation to religious practice and attitude toward human possibilities in the age of mappo. Pure Land Buddhism is the concept of Honen, a religious reformer. Relating to the teachings of Buddha Honen derived a concept of saving oneself once fallen to the dark depths of life through following the pure land teachings which is a way to salvation and liberation. Pure land Buddhism is and easy path to follow with a few basic beliefs and revolving around discovering one’s inner strength to attain spiritual freedom. Pure land tells that people must use their inner strength in order to improve where as in Shinran beliefs it’s said to entrust oneself to Amida Buddha ( Tariki “other power” ) which triggers belief and faith and lets Buddha work in the believers mind. According to Shinran true religious state is when not human himself but spirituality i.e. faith heals his inner self. Nichiren is totally different from both of these as it is based on a set of simple practices. Nichiren was a priest and believed that all other Buddhist sects were no longer taught and practiced properly. Zen practices reject any kind of recitation or chanting and focus on meditation. Training in Zen has to be done under a master. It takes a long time to excel in Zen, they belief true liberation and salvation is achieved through using Jiriki i.e. inner power. Mappo is the age where Buddhism is dying out which is now, all these beliefs and practices revolve around Buddhas teachings, it just more research or fact based change that has created sects in Buddhism or else all of these four sects are based a few basic points. According to Zen we live in the universe and the universe within us which is also the teaching of Buddha. This explains that both the inner power and outer power are one force. 3) Taoism and Confucianism propose two radically different ideals of human perfection. Write an essay explicating the differences and similarities you find. Pay careful attention to any differences within each tradition. What is the means of accomplishing the ideal of human perfection in each tradition? And what does the ideal of human perfection in each of these two traditions tell us about the relationship between social order and divine reality as understood by each tradition?