Religion and Theology
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Questions and Answers – Religions of the East Author Institution Part A 1) The question of human nature and proper governance is central to the religions of China.  Write an essay exploring the positions of the Confucians and Taoists on this particular issue, highlighting the differences and their implications.  The texts we read from the Confucian and Taoist traditions are rich in images; these should be employed to provide vivid examples of the various positions.


Taoist beliefs are a way of life including ways of your daily activities i.e. meditation, breathing, diet, use of natural materials. Taoism is all about staying aligned with the natural and basic way of life which the humans have gotten far away from, it’s about the natural cycle of our life system and planet. Both Taoist and Confucian beliefs share the same meaning, they have co-existed in China for over 2000 years. Both of these started as philosophies and turned into religious beliefs. The difference between Taoism and Confucianism is that one relates itself with the search of meaning and the other guides through social matters respectively. 2) Compare and contrast the four schools of Japanese Buddhism we examined in class (Pure Land of Honen and Shinran, Nichiren Buddhism, and Zen) with regard to the issue of self-power (jiriki) and other-power (tariki).  Discuss the implications of each school's position in relation to religious practice and attitude toward human possibilities in the age of mappo. Pure Land Buddhism is the concept of Honen, a religious reformer. ...
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