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Montaigne in his Apology for Raymond Sebond - Essay Example

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Montaigne in his Apology for Raymond Sebond

He hoped to gain a morally salutary impact on the non-philosophic members of the society (Montaigne 371). He continued to indicate that philosophers were teaching various ludicrous doctrines about the human soul and the gods, which they did not clearly understand. He posited that the philosophers spoke in earnest on such matters, and in the process, they concealed their ignorance so as to accommodate public image. His essay was created with an aim of supporting and defending Christianity. He quoted Plato’s statements on immorality of the soul. In his arguments, Plato stated that, “I desire to be dissolved”, and Montaigne added, “and to be with Jesus”. Montaigne sought to indicate how philosophers can be pervasive in their teachings. He demonstrated that some of Plato’s arguments made some of his disciples to desire premature grave, because they hoped to enjoy the things that he had promised them soon enough. He compared the work of ancient philosophers and Christianity with the aim of teaching that human beings cannot attain certainty. In the introduction of skeptic arguments, Montaigne quoted the work of Plato. In the ancient world, the skeptics, just like Plato, aimed at striking a difference between appearance and reality. Additionally, both Plato and skeptics held that through appearance, people could develop opinions, and if they had a chance to encounter reality, the result would be knowledge. Plato and the skeptics had developed assumptions that could be used to differentiate between

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grasping reality and appearance. A good example that was used by Montaigne was Plato’s depiction character of reality in his idea of beauty. The main difference between Plato and the skeptics was that Plato believed that it was possible to rasp reality via exercise of reason and philosophy; while on the other hand, the skeptics denied the possibility. Concerning the concept of reality and appearance, Montaigne concentrated on implications. He carefully analyzed both sides of the concepts. On one side, he thought that if people could grasp reality, then they could have universal content. On the other side, he stated that men are in agreement about nothing (Montaigne 75). He posited that the form of disagreement occurs not only between different individuals but, also within individuals. He stated that people who interacted with him exhibited knowledge and varied opinions that contributed to alteration of his personal opinions, including the original and natural ones. He notes that it was only the grace of God, which permitted him to stay intact, and free from agitation and disturbance of conscience, particularly in respect to ancient beliefs of Christianity as presented to a society, typified by numerous sects and divisions. Through his statements, Montaigne revealed that he supported both skepticism and Catholicism. In other words, he applied knowledge to support his religious beliefs as he tried to attribute his success to strong religious background that he had. Montaigne, while talking about skepticism in regard to senses, also quoted the work of Aristotle. According to him, Aristotle posited that senses forms the platform for human knowledge. Aristotle had stated that people acquire voluminous amount of information from the environment with the help of ears, hands, eyes, nose, mouth, and other parts of the body. Montaigne sought to differ with the opinions of Aristotle and other philosophers concerning the

Summary

Name Instructor Course Date Montaigne in his apology for Raymond Sebond The essays of Michel de Montaigne were one of the most fundamental and influential texts during the era of early modern philosophy. His work became a source of skepticism that was exhibited by writers such as, Descartes and Locke…
Author : alvenaturcotte
Montaigne in his Apology for Raymond Sebond essay example
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