Describe the doctrines of causality and kamma/karma in Buddhism. - Essay Example

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Describe the doctrines of causality and kamma/karma in Buddhism.

Siddharta Gautama or Shakyamuni of the Shakya clan of the Indian Himalayas was the founder of Buddhism (FSIIS 2007). Buddha’s personal name was Siddhattha (Nyanatiloka 1967). According to Gnanarama, however, his clan name was Gotama or Gautama in Sanskrit (2000). Gnanarama also said that he was the nephew of a king but his aunt, the wife of the king raised him up and, thus, enjoyed a royal life. The mountains of the Himalayas, from which Buddhism arose, serve as a boundary between India and China that possibly explain why Buddhism easily reached many parts of Asia, including China and Japan. The Indian origin of Buddhism explains why many of the key concepts or notions in Buddhism are in Sanskrit. The Buddha’s teachings were given before his death and are referred as the Dharma (FSIIS 2007). Buddhists believe that when a person dies, he or she is resurrected into a new form which can be human, animal or deity (FSIIS 2007). The endless cycle of rebirth is reflected in the wheel which is a key symbol of the Buddhist faith (FSIIS 2007). One of the most important Buddhist dharma are the “four noble truths” consisting of the following; life is full of suffering, suffering is caused by desires, sufferings can be ended and there is a path towards ending sufferings (FSIIS 2007). ...Show more

Summary

Causality and Kamma/Karma in Buddhism I. Introduction In this work, we give an overview on Buddhism, focusing on the schools of thought, its notion of causality and the doctrine of the Karma and Kamma. From these, we identify the essentials of Buddhism even as we are aware that there are several aspects of Buddhism that are not covered by this short work…
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