However, the Lutheran church was further divided into several denominations due to doctrinal differences. Some retained some rituals conducted by catholic faith while some did away with them altogether. Divisions continued and up to date many denominations continue to crop up. The birth of Pentecostalism however, can be attributed to the Azusa street revival led by William J. Seymour an African American preacher in 1906.2 Seymour was born in a catholic family but was later converted into born again Christian owing to his numerous travels. He believed in the baptism of individuals with the Holy Spirit and the filling of individuals with the Holy Ghost as stated in the book of Acts: 2 by Apostle Luke.3 The Pentecost was thus a renewal of the church and was referred as a revival. There are many events that led to the Azusa street revival that affected and continue to influence the church even today. These will be the focus of attention in this paper but first, a short history of the church will be given. The rest of the paper will be based on the events in the life of William Seymour which led to the revival. Brief History of Christianity The early church mostly was comprised of the Jews hence was regarded as Jewish Christianity. Its roots can be traced in the New Testament where Jesus used to walk with His disciples preaching the gospel to all nations. When He ascended to Heaven, He promised the Apostles He would send them a helper in the name of the Holy Spirit to enable them to preach the gospel widely and this was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost.4 The apostles established a church and spread the gospel far and wide. However, they were all persecuted for holding on to their faith but this did not stop the gospel from spreading. These early churches practiced hymn singing and also believed in miracles such as healing. According to Noll, the Jews were attacked by Romans on 66AD and the war continued for seven years.5 This resulted in taking over of Jerusalem which was the centre of Christianity’s communication, organization and authority and consequently replacing it with Rome. This according to Noll served to expand Christianity from Jewish Christianity to universal Christianity, that is, from Judaism to Christianity. The church became independent and creeds were established to “mark out boundaries of Christian faith.” 6 Christian reform did not end with transformation from Judaism to Christianity; rather, more reforms were in the offing. The Roman Catholic was the dominant denomination and followed the structure that was used by the apostles with the pope as the head of the church. However, the church entangled itself with politics and materialism leading to decay of some moral values. The congregation was supposed to pay taxes, women were not allowed to preach, indulgencies.7 Besides, some people were not happy with the doctrine of celibacy. As such, the protestant movement cropped up and led to reformation of the church. In the protestant church, women were allowed to preach and clergy were allowed to marry. The doctrine of repentance or confession was done away with as people could communicate directly with God instead of confessing sins to priests.8 The protestant church also differed on several issues leading to formation of many other denominations such as Calvinists, Anabaptist, Lutherans and Anglicans.9 The ruling king decided on the denomination to be adopted by the country; some countries were
Name of student: Topic: Lecturer: Date of Presentation: Introduction The modern day Christianity has evolved over a long time. In the past, only one denomination used to exist known as Roman Catholicism and all individuals proscribed to it. However, today many denominations do exist in form of Protestantism…
The Passion of the Christ is a movie that aims to present us the great sufferings that Jesus had to endure in order to save humanity and grant us with the possibility of an afterlife. It has indeed been argued that the movie is too violent, but I believe that the cruelty of the punishments in that time period cannot be ignored or diminished in scale and it is our duty to acknowledge the fact that Christ’s trial, punishment and crucifixion were not easy.
Islam, Christianity and Judaism are three of the world’s oldest religions, perhaps stemming and growing from each other initially as per historical evidences; however, today, the three have created a niche for themselves in the world with great followings of their own.
Despite the complexity of the overall issue and the various attempts at reassessment, there remains a basic controversy over opinion over this central issue, which would seem incapable of resolution. In some societies, homosexual relations are often tolerated while I some societies, they are often condemned.
Events in the bible occur in a certain timeline and mostly reflect on growth and development of Christians. Roman, Orthodox, and Protestants churches are the major groups of Christianity. The growth of Christianity has led to major divisions in these groups.
These theoretical perspectives inform individuals about different methods of reading that will help student in developing their reading skills. Body Teachers can teach reading through several methods, one of these methods is the testing and measuring approach, in this method the teacher uses tests and assessments to measure how well the student has read and learned from the assigned tests (Lapp, 2007, p.423).
famous theoretical approaches in teaching reading delve into the modernist, transactional and critical perspectives, in addition to the whole-language, literature based reading instruction, and more recently, the balanced approach.
This essay is hereby written with the
The Special Education Needs and Disability Act 2001 and the Common Assessment Framework 2005 have continued to inspire a lively debate. While the SEN Act achieved a moderate degree of success, a consensus could not be reached on the validity of the new
Luxury products have two formal characteristics: they are refined and emphatically satisfying. Luxury merchandise succumb to a few classes: sustenance (nourishment and beverage), asylum, attire (clothing and frill like adornments and
aviors patterns, the emotions and the thought process, in order to be able to establish what exactly causes the behavior, while also establishing the characteristics of such unusual behaviors, through the application of diverse theoretical frameworks. Nevertheless, the field of
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