Taoism: Harmony with the Cosmos

Taoism: Harmony with the Cosmos Essay example
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Religion and Theology
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A Critical Analysis of the Concept of Harmony of the Universe in Daoism Name: Course: Tutor: Date: A Critical Analysis of the Concept of Harmony of the Universe in Daoism Harmony or sacredness of the universe’ is one of the central ideas of Daoism. It is directly related to ‘Tao’ or ‘Dao’, the embryo of Daoist views…

Introduction

In some ways, the ‘Dao’ is how the universe operates. Lao Tzu identifies some of the qualities of Dao in the following sentence: “There is a thing, formless yet complete. Before heaven and earth it existed. Without sound, without substance, it stands alone and unchanging. It is all-pervading and unfailing…we call it Tao” (Tzu, 2009, p. 1). Daoist scholars interpret the world as the manifestation of the ‘Dao’. Like Dao, the ways or orders of the universe ensure a balanced co-existence among the opposite forces. Therefore, man must be respectful to these harmonious and unperturbed ways of the world. As to the goal of human life, Lao Tzu, one of the central figures of Taoism, says, “Being one with nature, the sage is in accord with the Tao” (Tzu, 2009, p. 1). Despite that ‘Daoism’ is often referred to as a religion, in reality, it represents a broader concept about the existence and relations between human life and the universe. A Daoist believes that man’s activities must not disturb the sanctity of the natural order. The Oxford Dictionary defines that “[‘Dao’ is] an absolute entity which is the source of the universe; the way in which this absolute entity functions” (Daoism, 1997). According to Daoism, man is an integral part of how the universe works. That is, he or she is a part of the Dao. ...
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