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(SHI'ISM AND SUNNISM) Compare and contrast the authority of the Sunni CALIPH and the Shi'i IMAM in their respective communit - Essay Example

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(SHI'ISM AND SUNNISM) Compare and contrast the authority of the Sunni CALIPH and the Shi'i IMAM in their respective communit

(632 A.D) in respect of his real successor. The followers of Islam explicitly split after the Battle of Karbala (AP/HUMA 289-90), where Hussain Ben Ali and his companions and family members were brutally martyred, and the House of the Holy Prophet was plundered by the cruel Umayyad ruler yazid. The paper looks for comparing and contrasting the authority acclaimed by the two, which has been constructed in an absolutely different way and maintaining completely divergent approaches in their nature and scope. The Sunni caliphs, according to the Sunni doctrine, are elected by consensus of community called ijma, in the light of which the first caliph Abu Bakr was elected; whereas the Shiite claim that the imams are appointed from Almighty Lord and explicit designation made by his predecessor through the statutes of holy sayings or statements called nass from the House of the Prophet; it is therefore Hazrat Ummey Salma was not included under the mantle, and only the progeny of Ali and Fatima was entitled to be the members of the House of the Holy Prophet (AP/HUMA 297). ...
Judaism and Christianity, Islam has also witnessed division of its followers into groups and factions in the name of religion. The majority Sunni sect of Muslims, views the four righteous caliphs as the successors of the Holy Prophet, which appeared at the helm of the governmental affairs turn by turn after the departure of the Holy Prophet from the world. On the contrary, the Shiite Muslims regard the Imam as the person to be the successor of the knowledge and spiritual powers attributed to the Holy Prophet. Since imamate, like the prophet-hood, is a divine blessing, which cannot be declared to be achieved one in nature, no one can take this position by himself and out of the divine commandments altogether. The Sunnis regard the righteous caliph as an administrative successor of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), who would administer the affairs of the Muslim state in the light of the commandments of the Holy Qur’an as well as the noble traditions attributed to the Holy Prophet. Consequently, the office of the Islamic caliph was political in the eyes of the Sunni Muslims, where the most righteous and pious individuals would be elected through ijma by the community. Somehow, the Shiite sect of Muslims declares the successor of the Prophet to be more spiritual in nature instead of political one only. Since the Shiite sect claims the certain need of a spiritual guide that could lead the humanity after the demise of the Last Prophet in the same manner as it was attributed to the prophets sent by God from Adam to Muhammad (peace be upon them all). Since the chain of prophet-hood had come to an end after the Holy Prophet passed away, the tradition of guidance could not observe its end in the aftermath of the cessation of the series ...Show more

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Module Title: Module ID: Submission date: Shi’ism and Sunnism Introduction: The present paper aims to make a comparative analysis of the concept of succession of the Holy Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him) according to two major sects of the Islamic faith i.e…
Author : corrine07
(SHIISM AND SUNNISM) Compare and contrast the authority of the Sunni CALIPH and the Shii IMAM in their respective communit essay example
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