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One of the things outsiders are most interested in is the philosophies. Thus, names like Laozi and Zhuangzi are now better known than before. This paper shall focus on the philosophies of these two, hitherto, less known philosophers. In the paper I shall explain their philosophies, draw comparisons and contrasts, and then endeavor to point out the superior philosophy among the two. Laozi was born and died during the reign of the Zhou dynasty. He was a firm believer in Taoism. He was a philosopher in then ancient China. His best work was the Tao Te Ching. This has led to him variously to be anointed as the founder of Taoism (pronounced as Daoism). There are many controversies regarding his main work referred to above. There are those who believe that the Tao Te Ching was a compilation of several Tao sayings by several other people over time (Ivanhoe & Norden 113). There is also a side that believes that this was entirely the work of Laozi. This is a situation very much like what Shakespeare faces today. However, there is no contention that he was incredibly gifted. To show how influential he might have been during his time, there are works that seem to suggest that Confucius consulted Laozi on matters of morals. There are even myths regarding his birth. Zhuangzi on the other hand, also referred to as Master Zhuang was born in 369 BCE and died aged 83 years old. He is said to have been greatly influenced by the Daoism espoused by Laozi. Therefore they shared several philosophical viewpoints but inevitably there were differences too. His main work was also named after him (Ivanhoe & Norden 135). Unlike Laozi, less is known about Zhuang. Conversely however, when the researcher starts to find material relating to these two philosophers, Zhuangzi’s philosophies are more readily available. They are also better explained than those of Laozi. The main reason why this is the case is because many people see Zhuangzi as the inheritor of Laozi’s crown. He took the idea of Daoism and tried to make it his own. This is also the case because Zhuangzi explained issues in greater detail using the whole repertoire of enrichments available in Chinese language, proverbs, and fables, among others. He was also linguistically superior. So what are the similarities between the two? Both of them greatly contributed to the school of Daoism. It is also important to note that both of them believed that it was important for the society to go back to what it was originally. In Laozi’s case, this meant abandoning the knowledge that had been acquired over the years. In the case of Zhuangzi it meant that people had to ‘reject social progresses’. Both of them also encouraged the disengaging from newer trends because of the fact that the more the trends, the more the desires acquired in the process. They both believed that the ideal life to lead was the life of the philosophers. Zhuangzi took this up to the point of recommending a total pullout from modern social trends. This would in turn lead to the better cultivation of traditional skills and values which were more sustainable and enduring over the course of time. Another issue that seized them both has to do with nature and our place in it. This has been a staple for many philosophers over the years. Laozi just like Zhuangzi advocated that nature retaliates. Therefore, it had to be treated in a more ‘ ...Show more


Name: Professor: Course: Date: Comparing and Contrasting the Daoism’s of Laozi and Zhuangzi Chinese philosophy has for a long time had an enviable heritage. However, it has been restricted, at least by outsiders, to the study of only well-known works by famous philosophers, most notably Confucius…
Author : blandabenton
IM NOT SURE essay example
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