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A Critical Comparison between Laozi’s and Zhuangzi’s Views about Daoism
Religion and Theology
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Lao Tzu (often known as Laozi) and Chuang Tzu (often called as Zhuanzi) are two important figures in the Chinese philosophy of Daoism. Both of these philosophers Tao or Dao is the Way how the universe works…
Lao Tzu (often known as Laozi) and Chuang Tzu (often called as Zhuanzi) are two important figures in the Chinese philosophy of Daoism. Both of these philosophers Tao or Dao is the Way how the universe works. In another words, they believed that “Tao is the universal law of nature” (Ivanhoe & Norden 165). Scholars claim that these philosophers shared many similar concepts regarding the philosophy of Tao. But though these philosophers commonly believed so, they differ from each other to a great extent.Being a successor of Laozi, Zhuangzi have made a significant effort to provide explanations of Laozi’s thoughts and beliefs. He explained Laozi’s thoughts through concrete instances from history, people’s life, and also from his surroundings. But most often, Zhuangzi’s elucidations appear most complex and complicated. Sometimes, they become diverted the mainstream of Daoism and tend to appear as an individual philosophic strand. The most remarkable difference between the two is how they view ‘Tao’ or the Way. Both of them believe that the Way is beyond human perception and conception. In this regard, both of them are realists. But Zhuangzi’s approach to Tao or the Way is more applicable to human life than Laozi’s. That is, Laozi is more metaphysical than Zhuangzi. Since Laozi’s philosophy fails to dispel the transcendence of the Way or Tao, his teachings do not care much about human life as Zhuangzi’s teachings do. ...
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