issues and results of the second Vatican council

issues and results of the second Vatican council Essay example
Religion and Theology
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Vatican Council II Name Course Institution Abstract. Vatican Council II may be said to have laid the foundation of the Roman Catholic Church in the contemporary world. Vatican II’s stand on various issues, such as inter-faith dialogue, the increased importance of the laity, birth control, and word peace have serious implications in the life of practicing Catholics.


It opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. It was a response to the changing culture of the post World War II world and a call to the spiritual renewal of the church. Even after all these years, the results of Vatican II continue to be debated and it has its supporters and its critics. It remains a bone of contention for theologians and Catholics, as it is subject to various interpretations. Traditionalists see Vatican II as a departure from the earlier beliefs and practices of the church and condemn the break with the past. Supporters see it as a step in the right direction and as a much-needed move to bring the church in step with the modern world. The opposing positions show that “Its champions, in many cases, see it as having liberated Catholics from a long night of oppression, thus restoring to the people of God their rightful liberties. Its detractors blame it for shattering the unity and order of the church and introducing an era of contestation and doubt” (Dulles, 2003). However, whatever may be the stand taken, it cannot be denied that Vatican II ushered in a new era in the history of the Church and has far-reaching implications for practicing Catholics today. ...
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