Religion and Theology
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Names Title Institution Tutor Date Confucianism Question 1 Mencius lived between 372 and 289 BCE and was a Chinese Philosopher and most faithful follower of Confucius. He had great respect for human live and established a group of faithful disciples (Van Norden & Ivanhoe, 38).


Mencius also believed that person has power to determine his or her destiny and taught his followers to practice righteousness and uphold justice (Mengzi & Bryan, 44). In his emphasis for practicing morality and ethics, Mencius believed that a ruler who does not listen to the demands of his or her subjects deserves death (Zhuangzi & Chuang-Tzu, 43). He disliked violent leaders and emphasized on respect of all people from their leaders. His moral teachings and practice for uprightness to all people made Mencius a strong follower of Confucius than any other follower before or after him. According to Xun (36), Xunzi was also a Chinese philosopher and a follower of Confucius. He lived between 312-230 BC. Unlike Mencius who believed that human being is born with goodness, Xunzi believed that human being could be taught how to act morally through education and those moral values were developed to rectify the evil ways of human being. Therefore, he could not match the moral standards of Mencius. Xunxi’s reasoning that a person is only taught how to live morally upright is an argument that could easily make one to believe in his thoughts due to the simplicity of his reasoning (Xun, 41). This is because generally people follow what they are taught and tend to believe in it and inborn conviction. ...
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