I
Undergraduate
Essay
Religion and Theology
Pages 3 (753 words)
Download 0
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: 1. Who is the more faithful follower of Confucius, Mencius or Xunzi? Give specific textual evidence for your judgment. Why might a thoughtful person be tempted by the alternative position? Xunzi was the most faithful and devoted follower of Confucius than Mencius…

Introduction

Xunzi departs from the ideas of Confucius and Mencius in the view of heaven (Ivanhoe and Bryan 41). He argues that heaven is nothing more than the natural world which has no moral will and that its activities are totally different to human activities. Therefore, human-beings are responsible for their own destinies and they must not think that heaven can intervene or be in control of their own troubles. He says that heaven is responsible for how things are and not how they ought to be. People must therefore live with the effects and limitations imposed on them by heaven and earth (Ivanhoe and Bryan 39). On ritual, Xunzi perceives it as a way of bringing into existence a fully human world from people’s emotions. Rituals more often satisfy certain psychological needs and desires without considering on those of others. Sacrificial rites express the feelings of remembrance and longing for the dead. They perfect loyalty, good faith and the flourishing of ritual department and refined demeanor. Xunzi`s theory dearly anticipates Sigmund Frend whereby the sages had a psychological purpose in creating the rituals and did not depend upon belief in the existence of ancestral spirits or their ability to respond to sacrifice (Ivanhoe and Bryan 51). Xunzi also argues that human nature is evil and that its goodness is the result of conscious activity. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

not sure
This entails display of excellent characters thus, promoting human virtues. Confucians have an optimistic view of humankind. They believe in the possibility of the ordinary man to become awe- inspiring and thus, man is teachable, perfectible, and improvable. This is achievable through personal as well as communal endeavors and is possible by self-creation and self-cultivation. Moreover, it focuses…
i'm not sure
Taoist beliefs are a way of life including ways of your daily activities i.e. meditation, breathing, diet, use of natural materials. Taoism is all about staying aligned with the natural and basic way of life which the humans have gotten far away from, it’s about the natural cycle of our life system and planet. Both Taoist and Confucian beliefs share the same meaning, they have co-existed in…
I'm not sure
In addition to honoring elders, the path to virtue is found through restraint. This means that the individual must not indulge for personal satisfaction in order to stay on the path that will bring him/her to higher levels of achievement. When the individual behaves in a manner that expresses his/her position on the path as he/she is following the Way, the development of the community is achieved…
I'M NOT SURE
One of the things outsiders are most interested in is the philosophies. Thus, names like Laozi and Zhuangzi are now better known than before. This paper shall focus on the philosophies of these two, hitherto, less known philosophers. In the paper I shall explain their philosophies, draw comparisons and contrasts, and then endeavor to point out the superior philosophy among the two. Laozi was born…
A Critical Comparison between Laozi’s and Zhuangzi’s Views about Daoism
Lao Tzu (often known as Laozi) and Chuang Tzu (often called as Zhuanzi) are two important figures in the Chinese philosophy of Daoism. Both of these philosophers Tao or Dao is the Way how the universe works. In another words, they believed that “Tao is the universal law of nature” (Ivanhoe & Norden 165). Scholars claim that these philosophers shared many similar concepts regarding the…
not sure
This is based on the fact that it is the responsibility of leaders to protect and care for their subjects, failure to do so, they desist from becoming leaders. Laozi on the other hand believes on a cautious approach, insisting on taking a spiritual approach in problems of governance within a state (Raz, 91). Looking at these different approaches in their philosophical views, this paper analyzes…
I'M NOT SURE
Mencius also believed that person has power to determine his or her destiny and taught his followers to practice righteousness and uphold justice (Mengzi & Bryan, 44). In his emphasis for practicing morality and ethics, Mencius believed that a ruler who does not listen to the demands of his or her subjects deserves death (Zhuangzi & Chuang-Tzu, 43). He disliked violent leaders and emphasized on…