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Religion and Theology by Martin Buber - Book Report/Review Example

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Religion and Theology by Martin Buber

He attempts to analyze Jesus situated between Apostle Paul and his Jewishness. He presents Jesus as a member of classic Judaism. He addresses Judaism as a phenomenon of religious reality, and that it has become manifested through Judaism. So the Judaism exists for the sake of this reality. He argues that by the term ‘God’ he means not a moral ideal, social image nor a projection of a psychic nor anything created by or developed within a man but rather means God who a man possesses in images and ideas which are not the work of free creation but products of divine-human encounters especially when a man attempts to grasp the explicable it happens to him. It is only theophany which changes but not God. Theophany only happens to a man who has great share in it as God. Images and ideas emanate from it through what is revealed in it is neither idea nor image but God. He based his entire thought on the duality of faith analyzing the two different levels which often share common elements. From Buber’s point of view, dialogue philosophy transcends analysis of any subject. However, Christianity analysis can’t be taken out of context of this philosophy neither can it be understood without considering philosophy of realization (Buber). The distinction between I-Thou and the I-It relations are the base of Buber’s thought. ...
He is more focused on these faith systems than historical reconstruction of men. According to Buber Paul is characterized as highly Hellenistic because no reference made to Acts and assumption that, throughout there is good familiarity with Romans. The two figures; Jesus and Apostle Paul lead to arising of Christianity as depicted in presentation of Buber’s demarche. He is interested in going further from the image of Jesus proposed by Judaism and Christianity, and the view is seen as from a Jewish thinker to avoid him being seen as close to Christianity or in the middle of Jewish tradition that rejects both Jesus and Christianity(Buber). The difference between the two faiths according to Buber is like trusting somebody and believing somebody. First we trust God is present and close to the soul and also exists which is the belief from Epistle to Hebrews. None of the two faiths is rationally representing or fundamental for instance as “I believe” implies entire being. Emunah, the Jewish faith implies trust in God while Pistes Christian faith implying believing in Christ. Buber compares the Synoptic stories with fragments from John’s Gospel about faith conception. Judaism essence is excluded by Christianity emergence, by two elements addressed by Paul. Most importantly, Buber analyses the inexistence and existence of God in these two types of faith. Buber categorizes things which cannot be seen as “absolute non-perceptibility” of eternal things (Buber). Buber says that the invisible God of the Old Testament does not interpret without affecting his invisibility and showing in manifestation that man experiences. Therefore, a believer is different from the heathen by the exclusiveness of his relationship to his God and referring all ...Show more

Summary

Martin Buber’s work can only be understood if and only if you take his faith as a Jew, as well as a philosopher of dialogue. His analysis on religion and theology focuses mainly on two figures, Jesus and Apostle Paul. …
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