Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Heidi Campbell’s Notion of Religious Online Community Community refers a large social unit that shares common practices and values. Heidi Campbell describes it as the extent to which people meet and interact, be it physically or remotely (Campbell, 2010)…
This means that people could be living in the same geographical area but since they do not share the same values, they are not deemed as community. The conventional community is that which lives together physically and shares their values and practices within a locality. The contemporary community does not have to be living in the same locality since they could practice their values on a remote platform, which is online. Campbell describes the contemporary community, or community online, as that social unit that interacts online aided by the use of the internet (Campbell, 2010). He traces the emergence of the community online back to the early 1970s when the email first emerged. Emails were first powered by the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, commonly abbreviated as ARPANET, which was also the first operational packet switching network in the world (Brasher 25). The online space was, at first, purely a research space and not for social interactions’ use. Soon ARPANET created the first electronic discussion group establishing a moderated space to oversee various aspects of network business and research. Researchers within these messaging groups began forming unofficial groups such as SF-Lovers, created by some researchers to discuss science fiction. This and other early groups pioneered the social community online. Several special interest groups started emerging thereafter and this liberalization saw the birth of the “net.religion” debating group where religious opinions were aired. Further debates saw the narrowing down of this group to specific religious online forums, the first of which to emerge being “net.religion.jewish”. Newer advents of technology saw the creation of both newer and more precise forums and also better and faster ways of furthering these religious debates such as bulletin board systems (BBS), multi-user object oriented (MOO), multi-user dimension (MUD), and internet relay chat (IRC) rooms. Through standardization, regulation and setting of “rules of engagement” within the various forums, these computer-supported groups automatically qualified as communities, or more precisely, virtual communities. Campbell concurs with a definition, of virtual community, by Rheingold, that virtual communities are social aggregations emerging from internet forums when enough people carry on discussions with human feeling to form networks of personal relationships online. The evolution of Christian community online did not stop at the web groups and discussion forums for specific religions, in the mid – 1990s, cyber-churches and cyber-temples emerged as websites exclusively providing online worship services to their respective target groups (Stower, 2001). The argument behind this unique move was that the internet provides a forum for revolution, similar to the protestant wave, to reform and reinvent the ways in which faith and values are practiced and people communicate with each other and with God. The understanding was that people do not have to physically meet to practice their religious values and that computer networks provide social networks within which people can meet face-to-face, but virtually, within the computer network (Dawson 15). The study of religious community online critically began in early 1990s when scholars started paying attention more attention to issues of technology being used to congregate online, the types of discussions and practices. Two researchers, ...
Cite this document
(“Online Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/religion-and-theology/93474-online-community
(Online Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Online Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/religion-and-theology/93474-online-community.
An instance of this evolution in the meaning of community is the need to recognize that people can belong to several communities at the same time. Additionally there is the view that an individual can belong to communities of place, communities of memory, cultural communities, in which case individuals who may be complete strangers have a morally significant history.
The author writes about the advantages of online advertising and how the organizations can use it as an effective tool to increase the sales of the product on computer applications software to reach a global audience at very cost effective rates on the example. He/she describes it one the case of the company that sales textbooks.
2007, community college life science courses had an attrition rate of 63%, earth science courses 48%, physical science 43%, general science 65%, and integrated science 27%. The colleges lose first-year non-major science students prior to completing their first science course
But it happened and the name is Facebook. Long gone are the days when people used to sit with their parents and family members, and met friends (in person) now you can update a status or message friends through inbox. This is a clear indication of the change
upon “an online course on webbased education for a Masters degree in computer-integrated education at the University of Pretoria” (Nagel, Blignaut, and Cronje, n.d.). The researchers investigated the link between course finishing and education, and online chatting and tasks
e going to review how the business empire, Target, had encountered problems that the management did not handle effectively and cost the firm some huge fortunes.
Target did not go to its customers and shareholders directly to give them first hand information as to the crises
The other advantage of crowdsourcing is provision of human aspect which leads to social interaction and creation of social interface which lacks in automated machines. This leads to creation of quality assurance in any task designed
Online shopping is a process of acquiring services and goods via the internet. The online shopping involves the consumer’s state of psychology in terms of making purchases via the internet. The internet has contributed
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Online Community for FREE!