Athanasius of Alexandria strongly opposed these teachings and emphasized that Jesus Christ was indeed fully divine. Arius argued with the bishop Alexandria stating that Jesus Christ was not immortal and that he was the first creation of God. Arius’ ideas had a huge impact on the definition of Orthodoxy following several creeds, for instance with Jehovah Witnesses who are considered present day Arians. They present several Biblical arguments stating that Jesus Christ is not God (Fitzgerald 26-27). Arius being a presbyter insisted upon Jesus Christ’s inferiority to God and because Alexandria along with the Greek East was characterized by an intellectual climate, the argument widened and went on to reach the Emperor Constantine. Both sides- the Christian church and the Arians did not let up leading Constantine to call for imperial attention and thus the Council of Nicaea was convened. At this meeting, the framework for the official Orthodox Christianity came into being as over 200 bishops argued out the theological and philosophical language. The Council of Nicaea came to be regarded as a major event as it brought about the explanation of spiritual reality as the question of both the dogmatic definition and theological language was raised. Notably also, the relative authority of offices along with individuals, an assembly of bishops and independent bishops, the emperor along with the council, and the pope and the council was argued out. Subsequently, the issue of authority to define orthodoxy as well as heresy came to be associated at the outset with the issue of where authority was placed in the Christian community (Peters 39). It is crucial to note that Arius got his argument from studying under Lucian of Antioch who depicted Jesus Christ as a semi divine intermediate being. Since Arius had plenty of friends some of whom were Asian bishops, they tolerated his ideology when he was ordained. This was how he started to raise a following that was spread out. During the Council of Nicaea, it was difficult at first to reach an agreement on this issue although the Arians made a mistake of presenting a statement that denied the deity nature of Jesus Christ making even the least discriminating of their followers get stunned and consequently their argument was unanimously rejected. This went on to be regarded as the first death of Arianism. The Arians appealed and a creed was signed but came to be rejected by Constantine and a majority of bishops. In general, Arianism was indeed heresy based on the key fact that it equated Jesus Christ to a mortal which goes against the principle teachings of Christianity that instead confer a deity position equal to that of God. However, Arius’ notion founded on the human model, should have received recognition as traditional Christian teachings. This is due to the fact that following the human model, the father predates the son and therefore, at some point in time God existed without Jesus Christ. Similarly, it implied that God was the dominant being in the Trinity. This can be classified as traditional because it was presented at a time when salvation had not fully matured in Christianity. Furthermore, Jesus Christ was depicted in the Gospels as a being that underwent change and growth which sets him apart from God who is self-existent and absolute. Inferring from this depiction, Jesus Christ can be said to be a being that had a beginning and holding a different order of existence. Coupled with the fact that
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Date Arianism The basis of Arianism rested on Jesus Christ’s divinity where Arius the priest that established the teachings, suggested that Jesus was not on at the same level of divinity as God or the Holy Spirit and questioned his relationship with God as well…
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