This paper aims to analyse how textual cohesion is achieved in the newspaper editorials from two national (English) newspapers, with reference to the use of cohesive ties.
Cohesion is an acceptable linkage of sentences through surface structure (White 2004). Texture or coherence binds sentences into texts. Cohesion is used in signaling the connectedness of sentences with explicit markers, such as conjunctions, verbal substitutions, and repeated vocabulary as well as arranging the text with an implicit connectedness of thought that can be followed even with the absence of explicit markers (White 2004). The concept of cohesion is a semantic one, which largely refers to the meaning that exists within the text, defining it as such (Koch 2001). Cohesion occurs in the fact that the interpretation of some elements in the discourse is dependent on that of another, implying textual relatedness (Koch 2001). It is hence important to mention that a text is best thought of as a unit of a different kind [a semantic unit] rather than as a grammatical unit. The kind of unity it has is a unity of meaning in context, a texture expressing the fact that it relates as a whole to the environment in which it is placed" (White 2004). Cohesive devices are the surface structure feature linking the different parts of a text and making it flow logically (Ambiyo 2007). Cohesive devices could be attributed to the factors, which depend directly on the type of register chosen for a particular audience or situation (Buitkiene 2005). In order to ensure textual coherence, the newspaper relies on lexical cohesive devices. Buitkiene cites that simple lexical repetition, defined as the most stable way of pointing to a particular referent, is present in newspaper articles, which also leaves more space for other types of cohesive devices. It was found that there exists a clearly observable relationship between the lexical items used in the newspaper headlines as well as the number of repetitions of the same lexemes in the texts themselves, indicating that lexemes with nominative chains used in headlines are considerably longer than any other chains (Buitkiene 2005). This therefore demonstrates that the key information is placed in the headline despite the register type (Buitkiene 2005). It must be remembered that in textual cohesion, the position of information units is usually related to rather vague contextual concepts relating to information flow (Renkema 1996, p, 233). Hence, topic continuity, foreground/background information, and new information are important aspects of textual cohesion. By paying attention to the linguistic resources of cohesion such as reference, ellipsis, and conjunction as ones that help create text, one is able to organize text and experience the experiential coherence of the text (Koch 2001).
Textual cohesion would require an understanding of semantic spaces, which have been proposed as a high-dimensional format for representing relations of semantic proximity (Mehler 2002). This is so because a text is far more than a mere concatenation of sentences. Texts contain pertinent information co-referring across sentences and paragraphs, as well as relations between phrases, clauses, and sentences that are often