Small Scale Experimental Machine - Article Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Small Scale Experimental Machine

The memory was to be tested in order to prepare for creating Manchester Mark 1 computer (Hilpert, 2002), so in general SSEM was a prototype of Mark 1.
The Baby, a computer with 128 bytes of memory (Relph-Knight, 2008), was built at the Victoria University of Manchester in order to test the features of the memory - its speed, reliability, and feasibility. The machine was created under the influence of John Von Neumann's work - he was designing a machine that would use an RCA storage device named Selectron. It also was a tube, a large vacuum one, and worked by means of electrostatic charge storage of 4096 bits. However, Von Neumann did not manage to run the Selectron (Relph-Knight).
The designers of SSEM used the random access properties of the memory in order to store both data for digital calculations and, actually, program instructions (Tiangha, 2003). This idea and its realization lead the scientists to the realization of the stored program concept which later became a founding principle for the future computers which we use every day now. SSEM stored its information on the cathode ray tube - similar to the ones used in TV (Johnson, 2008), or radar screens used at that time.
During the War scientists developed a delay line memory - the signa ...Show more

Summary

It was the 21st of June, 1948, when after several unsuccessful trials the first stored-program digital computer ran, and solved a mathematical problem, first. It was called Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), or The Baby - since it became a foundation for further research and development in the field, and created a ground for these familiar to everyone computers we know now.
Author : kathrynwalsh
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write a custom article on your topic
"Small Scale Experimental Machine"
with a personal 20% discount.
Find out more

Related Essays

The Effect Of Temperature On The Viability Of Yeast Cells.
When subjected to high temperatures (above the enzymes optimum temperature) the enzyme becomes denatured, meaning it can no longer function as the substrate can not fit into the active site. Methylene blue can act as an artificial hydrogen acceptor which turns colourless when it is reduced during anaerobic respiration.
5 pages (1250 words) Lab Report
Understanding Journal Content and Style
As human beings, we also have our differences as well as our similarities. And in relation to human fatigue and performance, our reactions and/or tolerance to these two factors vary. What could be strenuous to other people may be all right to other people.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Statistics Project
These aspects will now be discussed. We have a two-tailed test and an alpha level of .05. Notice the research hypothesis is framed in the direction that we should expect, an improvement in scoring. Nevertheless we will assess the hypothesis using a two-tailed test.
8 pages (2000 words) Research Paper
Anthropogenic Disturbance on Benthic Communitiy
This study deals with the effects of human and even environmental influences on the life and survival of benthos or benthic communities that are comprised of organisms living in the bottom of ocean floors and consists of worms, crabs, lobsters, flounders and clams etc.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Agricultural Development
Through samples of inorganic fertilizers,farmers can make accurate observations of their farming systems and accordingly develop strategies for maintaining and improving output.They argued that scientists should pay closer attention to farmers' knowledge systems
6 pages (1500 words) Assignment
Memory
Human beings represent the highest point of evolution with regard to all types of memory; memory has also been demonstrated in almost all animals irrespective of whether they are vertebrate or invertebrate (1). In humans, the capacity to remember and recall things from memory varies from individual to individual.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Air Pollution in London
Air pollution is dangerous to our health and long term exposure to air pollution can shorten our life. Early exposure to air pollutants can slow down development and growth of the lungs in children. In London, air pollution is decreasing over the years due to several steps taken by the government to minimize air pollution.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Such changes in neuronal activity correlate strongly with changes in blood properties; this is called hemodynamic effect. The oxygen content of the blood increases in a region of the brain with induced activity. Physiologically, oxyhemoglobin concentration increases in an activated region, whereas local deoxhemoglobin concentration decreases.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT