The scholars note that, "The global changes have increased awareness levels that the long term welfare of the population with specific regards to health; will be determined by the sustained stability and functioning of the biosphere ecological, physical as well as socioeconomic complexes"
The scholars' work also underscores that the global climate system is a central part of the entirety of life-supporting processes. The major thrust and contribution of the resource to the body of knowledge and literature on climate change is leveraged on the dimensions that acknowledges the pervading impact of climate and weather on human health and well being. The resource also portrays the global human population as under siege owing to the fact that the weather and climate system are going through tremendous changes like other natural systems a scenario that makes life sustainability on the planet precarious. The scholars' present in their resource that global climate change phenomena is a new dimensions and front to the current efforts aimed at curtailing salient threats to human health. Perhaps the outstanding contributions from the resource come from its description of the precincts and process of global climate transformation, the outlining of its real and probable impact on human health as well as how human communities and the leaders must on up to the challenges presented in the enunciated milieu with specific emphasis on the aspect of human health.
Sir Nicholas Stern former Chief economist of the World Bank (2007) has made tremendous contributions on the research and bodies of knowledge on the subject of economic change. Stern's report is an outline of what He terms 'The economics of climate change". Stern presents in his report that much of the cost culminates form the effects of inaction. He expresses that inaction would critically decrease global GDP by at least 5% on a yearly basis. Stern proposes that mitigation on the other end would use around 1 percent of Global GDP on a yearly basis. Stern has issued a strong cautioning in his report stating that, "The climate change phenomena represent the greatest of market debacles this world has experienced"
Stern (2006) outlined in his research report that countries had to expend 1% of the GDP to curtail the greenhouse gases rising to dangerous proportions. HE noted particularly that failure to do so would result in the gross damages worth much more 5% more beyond the 20% of the world's GDP. In his 2008 research report he states that the cost of climate change has phenomenally escalated to double figures of those earlier parented in his 2006 report. Stern bases the escalation of the figures on the fact that the rate of climate change is increasing at a rate higher than previously projected implying that the responsible emissions must be reduced even more sharply. Stern outlines in his research report (2008) that global emission to be slashed to the limit of 500ppm citing that this would be feasible in the endeavors to decrease risk from 50% likelihood to a 35 likelihood that the global mean temperature would go up by 5c beyond pre-industrial levels
A comparison of Stern's reviews against other studies Brendan Fisher (2007)
Notably the Stern (2006) Review differs widely from other mainstream approximations on the