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Considered to be the intellectual giant of his era, the leader of dominant Berkeley School of Geography, Carl Sauer led the impressive field of cultural geography. He was a great influence on a generation of geographers, who wanted to connect the various areas of physical and human geography with historical geography by using the all-important historical methodology…
Under the influence of Carl Sauer, cultural landscape geography developed as the main branch of geography. "Sauer was explicitly concerned to counter an environmental determinism which had dominated the American geography of the previous generation, within which human agency was given scant autonomy in the shaping of the visible landscape," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_landscape
He believed that culture is the main force in shaping all visible features of physical environment of earth's surface and he calls it 'human cultural action.' They provoke action, responses and adaptation by humans. He touches the cultural traits imposed by Europeans during colonization on various parts of the world and says that this cultural imposition on pre-existing cultures, shaped these new cultures in a different way. "Culture is the agent, the natural area is the medium, the cultural landscape is the result. Under the influence of a given culture, itself changing through time, the landscape undergoes development, passing through phases, and probably reaching ultimately the end of its cycle of development. ...
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