Anthropology is the study of human diversity or in general humanity around the world and has its origins in the natural sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences (Eric 227; Herbert 716-731). People who specialize in this subject are called anthropologists…
Anthropology is made up of four subfields:
Physical anthropology - It deals with the learning about humans' biological aspects by examining their skeletal and other physical remains of earlier humans. It also includes research on human evolution as well as forensic studies" (unt.edu).
The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that also include anthropology as a sub discipline and study various human aspects of the world. In general, it can be said that social sciences is involved in studying subjective, inter-subjective and objective or structural aspects of society and is traditionally referred to as soft sciences. On the other hand hard sciences, such as the natural sciences focus mainly on objective aspects of nature. However, today due to the flow of various aspects it is become much difficult to distinguish between hard science and soft science.
Other social science disciplines other than anthropology include economics, education, geography, history, law, linguistics, political science, social work, psychology, sociology etc. Anthropology is a unique and holistic discipline that deals with the integration of different aspects of the Social Sciences, Humanities, and Human Biology. There are several fields such as Archaeology, Prehistory and Paleontology, Physical or Biological Anthropology, Anthropological Linguistics, Social and Cultural Anthropology, Ethnology and Ethnography that are linked with anthropology. In other words, anthropology is the only social science subject that interlinks most of these branches. For instance, economics is a social science that seeks to analyze and describe the production, distribution, and consumption of wealth (economics). Education is a sub-division of social science which deals with teaching, learning specific skills, etc. These are all independent subjects where as anthropology is the only subject that interlinks all other social science subjects.
Numerous subfields or modes of anthropology cut across these divisions. For instance, medical anthropology is over and over again considered a subfield of socio-cultural anthropology; but, today there are several anthropologists are involved in studying medical topics especially to look at biological variation in human populations or the interaction of culture and biology. It is seen that they may use linguistic analysis to understand communication around health and illness, or archaeological techniques to understand health and illness in historical or pre-historical human populations. Forensic anthropologists in general may use both techniques from physical anthropology as well as archaeology and may also at times practice as medical anthropologists.
Environmental or ecological anthropology is currently a growing subfield concerned with the interactions between humans and their environment. This is in fact another interlinked subject where the cultural and biological and some times archaeological approaches combine together, to deal with a broad range of topics ...
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“Anthropology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 3”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/science/290354-anthropology.
This, says Kelley, causes stereotyping of the “underclass” as per the social scientists own definition of the term and, therefore, the reality of different cultures within that same underclass is not discussed among them. For instance, social scientists in the 60s, generalizes all black culture as ghetto culture, claiming it to be a result of the racist attitude of the society.
According to the Savanna-based theory, the adoption of the upright posture and the subsequent walking or standing on the two hind appendages was caused by the transition from the lifestyle on trees to erect walking on the savannah (Strickberger 474). Among other scholars, Elizabeth Vrba supports this theory.
The relationship between phenotype, genotype, and natural selection is essential to the knowledge of heredity and development organism. Phenotype refers to the traits that an individual has, and is determined by the genotype and the environment. Natural selection comprises of the process which results from differences in reproductive successes among unique individual phenotypes living at a given generation and eventually resulting in a biased representation of genes at the next generation.Natural selection acts on phenotypes because differential reproduction and survivorship depend on phenotype.
In short, everything related to man comes under the scope of anthropology. It is important to see the world through an anthropological lens because one can know better about one’s own past and present and can see for oneself where he/she
heory of “Out of Africa” which presents the fact that the present human generation has mainly evolved from Africa and this evolution actually took place 100000 to 200000 years back.
Answer: Anthropology is a subject which deals with the evolution of human beings and studies
These are the people who originally lived in some region before the times of colonization or a nation’s transformation, and possess different culture, tradition and language. Several studies have been and are still being
Alleles are inherited in the similar manner unless their nature is altered by some external forces encompassing environmental factors causing mutation, a genetic drift, meiotic cycle, gene flow or due to non-random mating.
Mutation brings modification in the
Additionally, the hunter-gatherers built villages and towns. This led to change of their environment by adoption of specialized food crop cultivation. This led to excessive food production, which in turn led to trade in surplus
They became extinct; it is not in doubt their close semblance to the early human ancestors. Experts in Hominid research refer to them as man-apes and also ape-man this is because they have features of the two groups,
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