Toxicology - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Toxicology

At the same time, new methods may be able to point out where chemicals interact to produce disease. But because of human safety numerous animals are used for experiments and testing. Most of them are killed or subject to unacceptable pain and distress. This state of affairs shook the scientists conscience. A movement was started within the scientist community to change the conditions.
During World Wars nations were more involved in producing chemical weapons. These chemical agents were tested on animals in many warring countries. The shocking results of these tests initiated the thought process in scientists to do something for the welfare of animals. The first proposal in this regard using three R's term was presented in 1954 by Charles Hume, founder of the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW). He proposed that UFAW start a scientific study of humane technique in laboratory animal experiments. Christine Stevens, founder of the Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) also contributed financially from U.S.
Soon this movement gathered momentum and spread all over the world. Legislators in Europe and the United States proposed use of laboratory animals under certain regulations. Laws were introduced for restraining use of animals in laboratories.
The three R's stand for replacement, reduction and refinement. ...Show more

Summary

The luxuries and facilities provided by science to the modern world are associated with dangers and hazards to not only human beings but to other species too. Hundreds of laboratories all around the world are busy in exploring and inventing useful things for humankind…
Author : cheathcote
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Toxicology"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Phosgene
The UN Number of phosgene is UN1076, EINECS Number is 200-870-3, DOT Label (U.S.A.) is PG, and DOT hazard Class (U.S.A.) is Poison A. Its CAS Number is 75-44-5. (Air Liquide SA, 2006) Phosgene is a colorless gas at normal temperatures of 21oC or 70oF (bin.pdf).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Abalytical Toxicology
Amphetamine and methamphetamine are powerful stimulants of the central nervous system.They are commonly used in pharmaceutical applications, either as metabolites of several therapeutic drugs or as such themselves. They are also often used as abuse drugs and as doping agents in sports.Differentiating between therapeutic and illicit use of AM and MA is essential.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Arsenic Essay
Included in the chemicals studied for its effects is Arsenic. Arsenic, from the Greek work arsenikos, is a naturally occurring element within the Earth's crust. Represented in the periodic table by the symbol As with an atomic number of 33, arsenic occurs in three allotropic forms, yellow, black and grey.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Science and Engineering
They believe in its full potential to uplift UK economy. It also offers answers to most of the biggest issues of today, claimed Silva. The Council of Science and Technology found a few points to be improved in the government's nanotechnology agenda. The reports suggested that thorough research on toxicology of nanotechnology needs more funding, and if not released will make UK economy suffer.
1 pages (250 words) Book Report/Review
Endocrine Disruptors
However, what has been elusive is how these chemicals exert their influence on the reproductive and developmental process of wildlife animals (CLS, 1999; Colborn, 1999). However, recent studies have shown that the reproductive and developmental anomalies caused by these chemical are induced by their ability/capacity to disrupt, mimic or interfere with the endocrine system.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT