This project was carried out at the Wytch Farm Oilfield of British Petroleum. There was a leak of saline water that was flowing through a delivery line. The continued leak increased the salinity of the soil thereby, causing damage to the vegetation that was in the tree line of Wytch Heath…
Water from sumps has been taken for measuring the surface water content and from deeper wells for sub surface water salinity. Finally, the soil was also sampled and the salinity of the soil was also measured. This was found to still be elevated though it has come down drastically on an average in all the three cases.
The sub surface water sample was normally taken after bailing out the water in the sampling wells. Similarly, the soil samples are taken at a depth of 60 centimetres in line with the standard soil sampling technique. Surface water samples were picked up from the sump that was available. The sampled values were then used for analysis to find out the rate of chloride reduction in the sub surface water and soil. This would help in indicating to what extent the vegetation can grow in the soil at the heath. It was found that the soil conditions are not particularly, right for the tree growth. Though, even up to 20000 ppm in the tree, it was found that the presence of chloride may not adversely affect tree growth. The ideal ppm, however, is 4 to 8 ppm and that is the figure really looked at for vegetation to thrive anywhere. It is therefore, important that the work is completed by reducing the presence of chlorides further. ...
4. GENERAL INTRODUCTION
The following placement project was carried out within the British Petroleum (BP), at Wytch Farm, which is an oil field and oil and natural gas processing facility in the Purbeck district of Dorset, England from 11th June to 1st September 2007.
4.1 Existing situation
The Wytch Farm Oilfield, is the largest known onshore field in the UK, it lies beneath the southern shores of Poole harbour in an area of outstanding natural beauty famous for its landscape, ecology and amenity value (BP Petroleum Development, 1986).
The Wytch Farm Oilfield, with its approximately 300 million barrels of recoverable oil, is a useful to the oil industry and to the local and national economy. It produces in present time around 70,000 barrels (approximately 11,365,000 litres) of oil per day.
The oilfield consists of two major reservoirs, the shallower Birdport reservoir at 900 meters under the surface (BP Exploration, 1994) this reservoir was discovered in 1974, and later, it was developed to produce 4,000 barrels of crude oil per day (BP Petroleum Development, 1986). The larger and more productive reservoir is Sherwood reservoir, which is about 1500 meters below the surface (BP Exploration, 1994). The deeper reservoir (Sherwood reservoir) was discovered in 1978 but it remains under-developed. Production testing from one Sherwood well has increased and nowadays production is about 5,500 barrels of oil per day (BP Petroleum Development, 1986).
The location of Wytch Farm is on the southern shores of Pool Harbour. This area is sensitive landscape that includes a number of conversation designations. Crude oil is extracted from the Wytch Farm, Wareham and Kimmeridge ...
Cite this document
(“Chloride Contamination on the Groundwater, Soil and Plants Coursework”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/science/303417-chloride-contamination-on-the-groundwater-soil-and-plants
(Chloride Contamination on the Groundwater, Soil and Plants Coursework)
“Chloride Contamination on the Groundwater, Soil and Plants Coursework”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/science/303417-chloride-contamination-on-the-groundwater-soil-and-plants.
The research gives detailed information about description of the promising land-use types; determines the requirements for water, nutrients, erosion avoidance etc; conduction of surveys necessary to map the land units as well as description of their physical properties; comparing requirements for the given land-use types with the properties of the given land units
Parklands, college campuses, athletic fields, and farms have an interest in controlling the damage to turfgrasses from foot traffic. The consequences of heavy traffic to grasses, as well as soil are quantified. Measurements and variables are described that influence the height potential of turfgrass, as well as its ability to recover from the damage induced by foot traffic.
It uses test reagents, which react with the compounds forming chemicals that range from pink to reddish in color, Alef & Nannipieri (1995). This procedure in conjunction with technics such as HPLC, GC/MS and other analytical methods that provide specific quantitative and qualitative analysis for site remediation purposes.
Methyl mercury, inorganic mercury compounds such as mercuric chloride and mercuric cyanide, mercury vapor, ethyl mercury, phenyl mercury and hair mercury are the chemical forms of mercury to which people are commonly exposed. Major routes of exposure to mercury compounds are inhalation of contaminated air, ingestion of contaminated food and through eye or skin contact.
Complete Name: Professor: Course: Date of Submission: (1) List and explain at least seven ways in which plants in general or specific plants provide for you in your life and how they benefit or enrich your life. First of all, men as well as other creatures of the earth have extensively relied upon plants for food.
All designs rely on the accuracy of the reports. This research will help to understand various geotechnical investigations done before construction and their importance. A Comparison study will be done between standards followed for geotechnical investigation in UK and Saudi.
The increasing presence of intractable and non-recyclable organic contaminants in waste water has emerged as a challenge for the conventional water treatment techniques. A need has risen to lay down alternate solutions that are able to deal with the non-biodegradable organic pollutants in waste water, especially coming from the petrochemical industry.
According to the study conducted, the monocots there are three or multiple of three flowering parts but Eudicots have four, five or multiple of four and five flowering parts. There is only one pollen aperture but Eudicots have two. Mostly grass family contains Monocot plants and trees like palm trees are Eudicot plants.
The first similarity between the two systems is that they both transport important materials to the cells while taking away waste. In plants, cells require water and minerals for the normal physiological functions. Xylem transports water as well as
What is the name for channels of this type?___________________
13. Why did an alluvial fan develop at this location? The alluvial fan developed where Cedar Creek flows from the mountains into the flood
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Coursework on topic Chloride Contamination on the Groundwater, Soil and Plants for FREE!