StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Professional Research Methods - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Professional Research Methods

Other concerns about the applicability of quantitative methodologies to in-dept examination of complex social phenomena include taking the collected data out of the real-world setting, poor representativeness and generalisation of data, exclusion of discovery from the realm of scientific inquiry, etc.
The institutional structure of business and management research has also reacted to the criticism of the positivist paradigm. Increasing numbers of qualitative studies published domestically and internationally have challenged the traditional view of qualitative research paradigm as the inferior to the more rigorous and reliable quantitative methodology. The aim of this paper is to identify the major research designs and techniques associated with each methodology and to provide explanation on the views about the nature of knowledge (epistemology) and the nature of reality (ontology) underlying these perspectives.
There are various classifications of methods used in the area of professional research, but the most common classification splits the methods into two large groups, namely quantitative and qualitative research methods.
Quantitative methodology employs methods historically applied in the natural (physical) sciences. The primary task of quantitative research is to ensure validity and reliability of results (Dingwall et al, 1998). Examples of quantitative methods widely used in the social sciences and business and management research are survey methods, formal methods (e.g. econometrics), laboratory experiments and several numerical methods (e.g. mathematical modelling) (Myers, 1997).
Quantitative research implies standardized questionnaires and methods of data analysis, specific position of the researcher whom is considered external to the research, replicability of the results regardless of the context, etc (Wainer and Braun, 1998). While reliability and validity are the most often cited strengths of the quantitative methodology, poor applicability of this methodology to exploration of a phenomenon, which is difficult or impossible to quantify, is considered a serious weakness. The main drawback that limits applicability of quantitative methods is the so-called 'decontextualization': models constructed on the basis of data obtained through quantitative methods do not take into account certain variables that act in the real world context (Patton, 1987).
Qualitative methodology utilizes a naturalistic approach seeking to understand phenomena in a specific context, such as "real world setting [where] the researcher does not attempt to manipulate the phenomenon of interest" (Patton, 2002: 39). The broad definition of qualitative research is "any kind of research that produces findings not arrived at by means of statistical procedures or other means of quantification" (Strauss and Corbin, 1990: 17). Qualitative research reveals findings observed in the real world context where the phenomena being studied unfold naturally (Patton, 2002).
The motivation underlying qualitative research is the researchers desire to understand the social and cultural phenomena within the real-world setting. Qualitative methods are designed to ...Show more

Summary

The recent years have been marked with increasing interest in the role of philosophical paradigms and assumptions in carrying out research. Over the last two decades different authors have voiced some serious concerns about effectiveness of using the prevailing paradigm of positivism and the methods associated with it in the search for greater depth and meaning in the understanding of complex social phenomena…
Author : stoltenberglais
Professional Research Methods essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Professional Research Methods"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Research Methods
Precisely, the study focused on identifying the states in alcohol consumption and the behavior that different categories of drinkers would exhibit and the likely symptoms (physio-psychological) and consequences. The study identified three gradual states in alcohol consumption such as intoxication, tolerance, and dependence while behavioral categories related to alcohol consumption were use, abuse (noxious use), and dependence.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Research Methods
Having a great variety of methods, a researcher is obliged to choose the most effective approach in accordance with the nature of the study. The appropriateness of research methods along with the high level of researcher’s knowledge and skills to implement specific research instruments causes significant effect on the success of the study and the validity of its findings.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Research Methods
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Research Methods Essay Introduction Prior to September, 1998, all higher education students in the UK were excused from paying tuition fees (Croll and Attwoodb 187). It was the then Labour Party, under the then Prime Minister of the UK, Tony Blair, that led to this change with a proposal, which stated that the cost of student continuance should be repaid through graduates on a job-related basis.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Research methods
When comparing people in terms of academic success, one may come to a decision that there are vast dissimilarities that may separate
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Research Methods
I foresee ethics as an integral part of my professional life, as tools this will aid me in making decisions that are relevant not only with respect to me but also with respect to those that would be my future colleagues and dependants.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Research methods ( subject : Research and Professional Conduct in Business)
ation, mystery/secret shopping and research based on video-analysis are discussed in order to identify the effectiveness of each of these methods to produce accurate and reliable results for the organisation. Structured observation: Structured observation is the systematic
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Research Methods
ressed this educational curriculum as it pertains to developing countries where this opportunity for educational advancement and specialization has been far less accessible than in more developed nations of Western Europe and the USA. The focus of this journal article is the
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Research Methods
lts and make germane conclusions, researchers require using specific research methods that can be characterized with a great abundance (McNeill & Chapman 2005). It is fair to state that each research approach has its pros and cons that is why for every research problem, the
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Research Methods for Professional Practice
As such, there is a need for research to inform practice. Research is primarily defined as a systematic investigation and study of sources
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Research Methods
Nevertheless, it was the Conservative Party, managed by PM David Cameron, who raised the highest tuition fee to £9,000 from £3,000 per years from English Universities (Bachana, 2013). When
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation