EBP allows the practitioner to assess current and past research, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to identify relevant literature while differentiating between high-quality and low-quality findings. The practice of Evidence-Based Practice includes five fundamental steps.
EBP utilises various methods to encourage, professionals and other decision-makers to critically analyse evidence that help them make right decision. Where EBP is applied, it encourages professionals to use the best evidence possible, i.e. the most appropriate information available. For example, in medicine, it is used to make clinical decisions for individual patients.
" Evidence-based is one of the most used , and perhaps least understood adjective in heathcare toaday. It was previously applied almost exclusively in the term evidence based medicine , but happily terms such as 'evidence based practice' are becoming more widespread Nurses , the largest group of professionals , who provide health care , have been at the forefront in recognising the need to identify, evaluate & apply test practices to their clinical practice. (Craig J, Smyth R , Preface , page 14)
What is the imporatnce of EBP Why the necessity for adoption of EBP arose Evidence-based practice is a philosophical approach that is in opposition to rules of thumb, folklore, and tradition. Examples of a reliance on "the way it was always done" can be found in almost every profession, even when those practices are contradicted by new and better information.
" Evidence based practice has been described as 'doing the right things right', ( Murir Gray 1997, page 18 ) .we need the evidence base to know what is 'right' to do , .if we can get it right , evidence-based approach will help to improve people's experiences of illness and health care , and good established nursing practices already does". (Craig J, Smyth R, Page 4- The context for EBP )
The theories of evidence based practice are becoming more commonplace in the nursing care. Nurses who are "baccalaureate prepared are expected to seek out and collaborate with other types of nurses to demonstrate the positives of a practice that is based on evidence. "Looking at a few types of articles to examine how this type of practice has influenced the standard of care is important but rarely internally valid. None of the articles specify what their biases are. Evidence based practice has gotten its reputation by examining the reasons why any and all procedures, treatments, and medicines are given. This is important for refining practice so the goal of assuring patient safety is met.(Duffy P, Fisher C, Munroe D)
Evidence-based practice is defined in medicine as 'the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values'(Itzia J, Wood N.)
Another author(Ailinger RL,