This essay will consider these two novels within the paradigm of Kristerva's concept of intertextuality: that is that a text has two axes, one horizontal (connecting the author with the reader) and the other vertical, connecting the text with other texts.
The first section of this analysis will consider the vertical axis of Kristerva's intertextual graph: the complex inter-relationships between these two texts completed more than forty years apart. One way that the two texts relate to one another is in the sheer complexity of their form. Both Joyce and Nabokov have been (and still are) accused of being cerebral, at times near impossible writers to understand. This accusation is laid against them for a number of reasons: first of all, the amount of knowledge that they assume within a reader, second, the at times convoluted internal structure of their works, and third, the lack of an obvious narrative line. ...Show more