Geography is also the study of the planetary variation of both natural and human phenomena on Earth.
Geography is the branch of science that uses the same elements as the other sciences but in a different way. It uses data by elaborating maps as its tool.. The methodical approach organizes geographical knowledge into different divisions.
Study of Geography is as old as human history. It was systematically studied by the ancient Greeks, who also developed a philosophy of geography. Many Greek philosopher made great contribution to the foundation of Geography. The most prominent of them were Thales, Eratosthenes, Aristotle, Strabo, and Ptolemy. The Romans also made contributions to geography by mapping of previously unknown lands. The Arabs also bequeathed in the progress of Geography during the Middle Ages.
As stated in beginning intellectual curiosity is the essence of human nature that led to all the achievements mankind. Human beings were involved in pondering over nature since prehistoric period. The real initial recorded achievements were of Greeks. Thales was the first recorded Greek philosopher. He was first person whose mythology was used to explain the nature of the physical world. He introduced geometry and was a prominent astronomer of those days. He was the first man who started the real process of pondering and predicting.
Raphaels's School Of Athens 1509
Although chronologically mentioning Raphael Sanzio is not correct but it will give us a continuation. Raphael Sanzio, was the great painter and philosopher with whose name Raphaels 's School of Athens is famous. During those days of 16th century the meaning of the great old ages was being rediscovered and absorbed in Europe. His painting show pictorially the constellation of great Greek philosophers in a beautiful way. The two great scholars Plato and Aristotle are present at the centre of the painting depicting following messages mentioned in bold.
Plato "Lookout to the perfection Of the Heavens for truth
Plato the great Greek Philosopher was also a good astronomer. He was among the first few great people who studied the Sky with their limited resources and revealed many facts that are still relevant with some minor amendments.
Aristotle "look around you at what is if you would know the truth
Aristotle was of the two great philosophers of Greece, Plato and Aristotle, the latter was the one who relied on observation. Raphael's The School of Athens shows the two great philosophers in the center of the painting, surrounded by the other great Greeks, with Plato holding his hand upright as if to indicate, "Look to the perfecti on of the heavens for truth," while Aristotle holds his arm straight out, implying "look around you at what is if you would know the truth." We shall look deeper in Aristotle's ideas.
Meterorologica 340 BC
Aristotle's Meteorologica is the considered oldest study on meteorological subjects. The bulk of information proved uncorrect according to modern research but it is considered authority in those days and upto recent years. The Greek philosophers