Oral Colonization of Mutans Streptococci in Young Children - Research Paper Example

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Oral Colonization of Mutans Streptococci in Young Children

As the report stresses various surveys, in many countries, have indicated presence of a type of dental caries, early childhood caries. These decays of primary teeth lead to dental abscesses and toothache which often requires anesthesia for treatment. Colonization by mutans streptococci (MS), particularly S. mutans and S. sobrinus, is the major cause of ECC in young children. There are disputes regarding time of entry of oral MS in young children and whether these are part of normal oral microflora or not. Since colonization by MS could be targeted to relieve young children from experiences of ECC, the paper would critically discuss host and microbial factors important for transmission and colonization of these bacteria. From this paper it is clear that mutans was also detected in predentate children, despite a low caries rate. Together, these reports suggest that children may be colonized by S. mutans before the "window of infectivity" opens. A predentate infant is not likely to have MS in salivary flow since swallowing occurs fast while bacterial divisions are only 2-4 times. MS could instead persist by forming adherent colonies on mucosal surfaces.  Tanner and coworkers have demonstrated that the fur­rows of the tongue appear to be an important ecological niche for oral MS.  It is contrary to the prior observations that MS colonization occurs only at the time of primary teeth eruption.   ...Show more

Summary

The aim of this study was to evaluate influence of host and bacterial factors on oral colonization by MS in young children.  It was observed during the course of investigation that children acquired MS by horizontal as well as vertical transmission. …
Author : whalvorson
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