As the discussion explores social exclusion can be seen as an “analytical concept” which guides us to the means by which social structures can result in poverty. De Haan emphasizes the need to use social exclusion in development studies, stressing that it helps focus attention on the important aspects of deprivation, is equally important in making analysis and policies, and shows us the fact that deprivation is a multi-dimensional phenomenon.
This paper declares that the World Bank has adopted social exclusion as an issue, stating that: “Discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity, race, religion, or social status can lead to social exclusion and lock people into long-term poverty traps”. Regional and country studies on social exclusion have included sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, India, Tanzania, Brazil, Yemen and Peru. The importance of social exclusion as a concept, vis-à-vis poverty, is that it provides a “broader view of deprivation and disadvantage than poverty”. The important consideration in the social exclusion discourse is how it can be measured and indicators set that are distinct from poverty. Robinson and Oppenheim noted that “it is as yet unclear how one would define, measure and track social and political exclusion.” There have also been criticisms on social exclusion for its emphasis on the “residual rather than relational aspects of poverty” and that “exclusion has replaced exploitation”.