Simmons points out the role of bullying to how a child develops in the long run. Bullying can take different forms and it can happen anywhere, but it mostly occurs at schools. Bullies are normal children with one problem or the other, but unfortunately, they choose to take out their frustration on other innocent children. Bullying can have an effect on the cognitive, emotional and social development of both the bully and the victim. Bullying is a serious problem, which if not checked on time, the person doing it might never learn how to stop it, and they might grow up thinking that there is nothing wrong with what they are doing. The victims normally grow up with self-esteem issues and some kind of fear of trusting other people. This means that bullying affects the way people think, feel and act around other people. According to Simmons, parental abuse strongly affects the development of a child. A child who has been abused by his or her mother or father normally has a harder time adjusting to normal life than a child who has been raised in a non-abusive environment. Low self-esteem is another issue that most children who have been abused at home suffer from. Peer pressure strongly affects how children develop. Although it might start manifesting at quite an early age, teenage years are the most vulnerable years for a child to fall victim to the effects of peer pressure. Teenagers often do the things they do out of fear that they may feel left out or not sufficient enough for their friends.
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