The development of a child’s well-being or hauora depends on various factors. Among these is his or her family background. No matter how his or her family is structured, it is still the whanau that directly supports the child’s hauora, especially in Aotearoa where the family is of utmost priority in everyone’s list.
This essay will analyze the development of hauora using Dr. Mason Durie’s Whare Tapawha Model which compares the hauora of an individual to the four walls of a whare (house) where each wall represents a different dimension. One wall is identified as Tana tinana (physical well-being). It refers to an individual’s body, its growth, development, and ability to move and the ways to care for it. A second wall is named Tana hinengaro (mental and emotional well-being). This wall refers to one’s coherent thinking processes and the acknowledgment and expression of thoughts and feelings and how one responds constructively. A third wall is the Tana whanau (social well-being). This refers to one’s family relationships, friendships, and other social relationships and includes feelings of belonging, compassion, and caring and social support. To complete the structure, the last wall is the Tana wairua (spiritual well-being) which refers to the cultural values and beliefs determining the way people live, their search for meaning and purpose in their lives, their personal identity, and self-awareness (Durie, 1994). In order for a house to stand firm and stable, all four walls should be secured. The same goes for the model of Whare Tapawha. Each dimension should be solidly reinforced to ensure the development of one’s hauora or well-being.
Children in the early childhood stage are vulnerable to many things especially those that relate to their families.