Conservation and management of resource laws deals with a single resource like natural resources for example forests, animal species and intangible resources like archeological sites.
Environmental regulations are influenced by principles of environmentalism including sustainability, conservation, ecology, stewardship, and responsibility. Environmental regulations are mainly aimed at protecting and preserving human health and natural environment (Pizer 123). Resource conservation and management laws try to balance the benefits of exploitation of economic resources as well as their preservation. The law aims at preventing externalities, in the present and in future, and conservation of public resources from individual exploitation. The expenses and limitations of such laws on commerce and non-money benefits of protecting the environment have generated and is still attracting a lot of controversy. This has led to the inception of the following acts: Environmental Policy and Planning: National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969; Environmental Quality Improvement Act (EQIA) of April 3rd, 1970; Federal Facility Compliance Act of 1992 (FFCA).
Environmental Policy and Planning: National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 is an environmental law in United States that promotes environmental enhancement. The law led to the formation of the environmental quality presidents’ council. The most significant function of NEPA of 1969 was to set up procedures that had to be a requirement for all agencies of federal government, preparation of environmental assessments and statements of environmental impact. These requirements are applied by all federal agencies in the executive branch og government. However, it does not apply to the congress, president or federal courts.