The world has pledged to tackle child abuse while many countries have their own policies, laws, and legislation providing rights and opportunities to the children. Children day is celebrated all over the world for giving recognition the love of elders towards their children, on different days by various countries and universally on 20th November, to be observed as a day of worldwide fraternity and understanding between children (www.un.org). As this paper aims to establish a concrete evidence about the statement from Ryder et al (1993), the word ‘abuse’ needs to elaborate so as to understand what child abuse is? According to Vanessa, child and family therapist, ‘abuse is something that cannot always be seen – hurts the people on the inside and outside, and the pain feels worse when it is kept a secret’. (Gerrits and Newton, 2010). Basing on the observation made by Vanessa, it could be assumed that child abuse is a malpractice affecting their overall development in all aspects of life; both physically and mentally. However, various definitions have been strategically devised by different authors, organizations, and nations to formulate policies, laws, and legislation which can tackle, punish and prevent child abuse.
World Health Organization (WHO) Consultation on Child Abuse Prevention compared and analyzed definitions of abuse from 58 countries leading to a conclusive definition which stated that “child abuse or maltreatment constitutes all forms of physical and/ or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligible treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power’.
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The focus of the essay is various definitions of strategically devised by different authors, organizations, and nations to formulate policies, laws, and legislation which can tackle, punish and prevent child abuse in the United Kingdom…
Instead of care, many of the children are facing physical, psychological and emotional abuse. A child may normally undergo physical abuse in his family or in school. Teachers and parents often punish children for their mistakes. Psychological and emotional abuse also occurs mostly in family and society in which the child frequently interacts.
Child Abuse: Prevalence and Policies in the United Kingdom “With the acknowledgement that child abuse is a social problem, there have been increasing demands for information about its prevalence. However the definition of child abuse is a social construction and therefore statistical data are bound to be elusive and contradictory” -- -- Ryder, Duncan and Gray (1993) Introduction J.F.
In the year 1996, it was reported that approximately 4.3 percent of children younger than 18 years of age were victims of child maltreatment in the United States (McDonald, 2007). The unofficial numbers are much higher and experts have predicted that 2- 10 million cases of child abuse can occur every year (Lawson, 2009).
Increasing rate of child abuse cases creates severe problems among the authorities as well as the public and it has become a highly controversial issue in recent years. In the United States, studies prove that children continue to suffer from the hidden epidemic of growing abuse and negligence.
The collected data from these groups were able to establish the steady rise in the number of abuse cases in families, as well as the socio-demographic characteristics of the families where abuse is most-likely to happen.
According to the essay, what is exhibited all too often is a situation in which the victim of the sexual abuse blames themselves and carries a burden of psychological trauma and harm well into the future; affecting relationships, the ability to parent, and even the innate capability of having fun and experiencing joy in the future.
According to the paper children in residential care are some of the most vulnerable in our society because of the different abuses they may experience. Child abuse often happens knowingly or unknowingly. Improper child care and the subsequent injuries are the major cause for children in the United States.
In the past, children were only seen as property of their parents but this view has drastically changed now. While recognising the rights of a parent, the State now has the power to step in if the parents
Child abuse is a problem which has existed in the society and the researchers have taken a lot of studies about the subject. There are various forms of abuse which children have experienced for some time now but the most common one is violence. There are several perpetrators of child abuse including parents, relatives, fellow siblings, strangers and even neighbours.
16 pages (4000 words)Research Proposal
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