The essay "Genocide Rwanda: When Victims Become Killers" analyzes the 1994 Rwanda genocide which saw the killing of more than 800,000 Tutsis. Mahmood Mamdani, an influential Ugandan scholar who wrote the book "When Victims Become Killers" as one of the insights into the genocide. Does it mean that the massacre was a defensive action by the Hutus against their own death or threatened existence? There is a need to look at the political situation that existed at the time so as to ascertain who the potential victim was. In his paper, the main people on the scene are the Tutsis, the Hutus, the government and the Belgium in the context of the genocide.
The Tutsis ruled, owned land and raised cattle while the Hutus cultivated the land hence they were serfs of the Tutsi lords. The Hutus had to give a portion of the harvest to the Tutsi in return for the use of a cow and protection. Generally, the Hutu occupied the low positions of ‘alien races’ in the colonial period. The Hutus were therefore under oppression by the Tutsis. As the population grew, the power of the Tutsis was threatened just as the livelihoods of the Hutus. This struggle peaked in the 1950s when the search for independence caused the Tutsis to turn against Belgians, the colonialists. This caused the Belgium to switch its support to the Hutus and finally, they allowed them to take power in 1959 through a bloody revolution. As earlier noted, the genocide was a result of the struggle for power between the Tutsi and the Hutus.