Tikopia of Melanesia usually practices a precise technique of agriculture. The Tikopians normally search for dried swamps and clear forests which usually provide them with trade routes, markets, and land that is irrigated. The access that the group has over empty land gives them control over the resources. The Tikopia also incorporates technology into their subsistence practices. By use of up-to-date technology, the Tikopia usually incorporate agriculture which is intensive such as flood control, irrigation, and terraces. In addition to this, technology has assisted the community in building roads, bridges, ports. There is ownership of technology which allows the community to have control over their distribution and production (Nowak & Laird, 2010. Most men in the Tikopia society do all the hard work such as building fences, clearing forests and most of the community’s planting processes. The women prepare food and take care of children. Both men and women play key roles in their society’s subsistence practices. The community uses redistribution and exchange of balanced reciprocals to ensure that their services and goods are transported. Balanced reciprocals exchange refers to an agreement where there is a return of an item which is equivalent to another item or one with a greater value. Redistribution refers to a tribute, an individual’s labor or the products of society, which is collected, counted, sorted and then stored for future use.
A Tikopian village or district is usually divided into four systems of principal kin groups (Macdonald, 2000). These kin groups are referred to as the patrilineal clans. These clans are usually divided into patrilineages. These clans are not confined to a small area since each clan has a member in each the district or a village.