This is because there are several Arab-speaking Jews who are not referred as Arabs.
Moreover, Lebanon is a member of the Arab league yet the country has an equal proportion of Christians and Muslims. Thus, defining Arabs by religion or language is wrong. Distinguishing an Arab has even challenged modern Arab intellectuals. According to a conference held in Brussels in 1938, the intellectuals declared that individuals who are an Arab in language, loyalty, as well as culture constitute Arabs (Nydell, 2006). Moreover, Arabs consist of highly heterogeneous set of people having different religious backgrounds, traditions, varied ancestral origins, as well as historical identities. The major unifying factor among the Arabs entails the Arab culture (Tamari, n.d). It has unified them even in times of political intense disunity. Therefore, the only binding factor among Arabs is the cultural, genealogical, and linguistic grounds.
Arabs have been divided in history and the only time they became politically united was around A.D 634 to 750. Before the coming of Mohammed, this ethnic group was divided into quarreling tribes and some of the tribes never accepted collaborating with him. However, after his death, the Apostasy wars ended in unity under the command of the second caliph until 750. At that time, Arabs were ruling an empire stretching from Spain through Punjab and to Central Asia (Infoplease, 2005). However, after 750 A.D, division occurred due to increased rivalry and desire to extend territorial boundaries.
There exists a strong feeling of cultural affinity among the Arabs despite political disunity. They have a strong feeling of kinship amongst themselves despite being in various countries and localities (Montgomery & Cachia, n.d). Moreover, despite the Islamic religion forming the basis of cultural affinity, Arabic language has also played a critical role by creating a stronger bond among