Yet, the time after Napoleon fall, there is less interest from English writers even though tragic and interesting. The turbulent history of Europe, France in particular, gives a clear narrative of main political events, placed in the backdrop of economic, cultural and social change. Further innovative studies of France in the midst of 19th century, to the WWI outbreak gives a story of a period of outward tranquility and equally a period of scientific and political contention, social transformation, and economic growth (Robert, 1933). There were three empires of France, 1804 to 1814, 1815, and 1852 to 1870. During these changes, England had special concern either in peace or in war. France struggled with issues of constitution to fit all conditions. There was need for Napoleon I and Napoleon III empires, restored Bourbons constitutional monarchy, bourgeois Louis-Philippe citizen monarchy, Lamartine, Thiers, and Cavaignac republics, and MacMahon Septennate. Even though there was bewildering transformation in the constitution, Europe needs to be grateful to France, because France is the only country that tried the many constitutions. France in Rome and in religion remains significant. The intentions of France going into the 1914 war, was it for revenge? Did Germans also want war? This and many more revolutions marked the middle 19th century of France (Bavarian State Library, 1865). The most outstanding and significant however, is the discussion whether Napoleon III was a dictator or not.
December Eighteen-Forty Eight, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, was elected as Second Republic President. He was born in 1808 and was Napoleon Bonaparte nephew. Many political leaders in Paris during that period saw him as a lightweight whom manipulating was easy. They saw him as incompetent and not brilliant enough. The nation got surprised when Louis seized power in 1851 December 2, in a coup d’état becoming France ‘dictator’ (Taylor and Alan, 1954). He