The first ever international coordination of refugee affairs was as a result of the creation of High Commissioner for Refugees by the League of Nations in 1921. The commission secured about 1.5 million people who had fled from the Russian Revolution of 1917. Also, the role of the commissioner for refugees was evident in1923, when the commission was to take care of 1 million Armenians who left Turkish between the years 1916 to 1923 due to the Genocide experiences. It is apparent that with time the mandate of the commission was expanded as there were other cases of Assyrians and Turkish refugees. One of the significant achievements of the High Commission of Refugees is that it led fourteen countries to ratify the 1933 Refuge Convention and that it was able to assist one million refugees worldwide. All that happened before the commission had financial problems and the high growth of refugees across the globe. The formation of the United Nations after the World War II secured the grievances of the refugees as the international community was aware of the crisis. The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was first founded but in the late 1940s it fell out of favor. In the December of 1950, UNHCR was established with the purpose of protecting and supporting refugees at the authority of the United Nations in their resettlement. UNHCR also provides protection to asylum seekers, local communities directly affected by the refugees' movement, Internally Displaced People (IDPs) and the stateless people.
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(“The Policy Report: Refugees and Migration Essay”, n.d.)
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(The Policy Report: Refugees and Migration Essay)
“The Policy Report: Refugees and Migration Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/social-science/651161-policy-report.
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. The report below entails a research of an international relations issue of refugee and migration where important dilemmas and tensions are identified. Also, recommendations are made in the report that can be used by governments to solve some of the dilemmas…
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Immigration has been a common practice within the human culture and has been evidenced by the frameworks that have been crafted within government structures of different countries to deal with the feature. Governments acknowledge that there exists immigration into or out of these countries either legally or even illegally and thus the need for regulatory frameworks.
According to the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees adopted during 1951, the Article 1 (A) (1) and (2) states that “any person ….as a result of events occurring before 1 January 1951 and owing to well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of the country ….” (UNHCR Convention, 1951) Helena is a Titanian from Xanadu and was studying in Kensington when the war broke out between Titanian and Oberons.
The refugee status is a very difficult, albeit a very delicate state. It is a situation wherein 'the security of individuals is locked into an unbreakable paradox in which it is partly dependent on, and partly threatened by, the state.” The refugee experiences displacement from her country and her people.
People who are displaced due to environmental disasters are not treated as refugees. However, in practice confusion still prevails with the result refugees and migrants are treated in the same manner (Lubbers, 2004).
As already observed,
At the turn of the new millennium, Britain experienced a surge in individuals seeking asylum. Since then, successive governments have formulated a policy framework to control the population of refugees