ena, different states have varying levels of state powers with others on the rise, others declining while others just exercise state power in the manner that they deem fit. Closely connected to state power is the connotation about relativity which means that a state can only be ranked as a rising or declining power through a comparative assessment with other states in the international system of nations. In our discussion, the focus will be on The People’s Republic of China as a rising power, the United States of America as a declining power and the exercise of power in The Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea.
China has continuously risen to be a serious power as seen through its tremendous economic growth and transformation in its foreign policy aimed at increasing its power and influence. It has used its growing influence to reshape the international rules and institutions within the international community of nations to serve its interests and its allies thus posing a serious threat to other international powers especially the United States of America (Pumphrey 2002, p.25). Therefore, China is on its way to become a global superpower buoyed by the size of its economy, which has increased four-fold since it launched liberal market reforms. It has also accumulated substantial foreign reserves while at the same time increasing its military spending and at the same time extending its diplomacy to other continents especially Africa.
Through the increase of state power of China, it is increasingly becoming capable of creating and enforcing rules and institutions aimed at pursuing its interests and security (Gill, 2010, p.99). It is important to note that the rising state power of China can also be attributed to the changes in its own regime and its dissatisfaction of the old international order led by the United States and other Western powers such as the United Kingdom. Through foresight in its leadership led by the Communist Party, China understood