The Federal government is also vested with the power to mint currency, set the standards for weights and measures and to ensure there is currency regulation.
The components of the United States of America constitution that describe and detail the powers extended to the federal government are article one on the congress, article two on the presidency and article three on the judiciary (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2014).
The exclusive powers extended to the state governments include, issue of licenses in the individual states, conducting of state or local elections, regulation of commerce between states and the provision of public health and safety in individual states. They also include punishing of criminals, making marriage laws, licensing of professionals and control of public education, and regulation of alcohol among others. These exclusive powers as vested in the United States of America constitution allow the states to make laws and decisions that cannot be interfered with by the federal government.
Just as in the federal government, articles one which deals with the executive, two which deals with the legislative and three which deals with the judiciary are the parts that detail the powers extended to the state governments. This is because all state governments have constitutions that are modeled after the federal constitution, which has a legislative, executive and judicial arm.
Power limitations of the federal government were mostly introduced to curb the possibility of a federal or national government that would extend its unbounded power to the states and trample on their natural rights. The said limitations were vested in the bill of rights, which was ratified in 1790. The ninth amendment, for example, states that since the people are the origin of all power, that they have more power than that which is vested in the