Although some researchers argue that this was a period of political assertion, it is clear that a fatal combination of population growth and unemployment triggered the Arab Spring.
Prior to the Tunisian revolution, the country suffered from high unemployment rate within the public, leading to an increase in the poverty levels. The government of Tunisia was autocratic under the regime of president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. The rapid growth of the Tunisian population led to an increase in the percentage of people living below the poverty line. Statistics indicate that over 80% of the Tunisian population was living under the poverty line and wealth was concentrated among those affiliated with the government (Garcia, 2011). In addition, the high unemployment rate resulted to increase in the poverty level. Since the government failed to address these issues of the public, they had to rise up against the government. The Tunisian revolution started back in 2010, when the people hit the streets demonstrating against the autocratic government. As a result, they overthrew the president Ben Ali and the prime minister Ghannouchi (Prashad, 2012). The revolution stopped after the public achieved democratization in the Tunisia.
In Egypt, population statistics are alarming, being one of the most populated countries in Africa. Before 2011, the president of the Egypt Mubarak ruled for over three decades, a period that was marked with high employment rate within the country. Over a long time, the public requested that the government address the problems of poverty in the public, to which the government remained silent over (Panara & Wilson, 2013). Corruption in Egypt resulted to preferential treatment of those people close to the government while the other part of the public continued to wail in poverty. The government employed only its relatives and those that could afford to pay bribes. Resultantly, the unemployed people died of starvation diseases and