John Rawls offers just one of these theories, which is broken into two parts, the Principle of Equal Liberty and the Difference Principle. It is through this theory that human beings can live a in a fair and just society where all of its members are valued and have a place. Of course, there is no such thing as a singular universal solution to the problem, but it does offer some interesting viewpoints.
In the simplest explanation Rawls perspective is that the Principle of Equal Liberty allows that each person in the society should have an equal rights to a system that creates a level of compatibility of everyone within the that society. The Difference Principle is also broken into two distinct parts. The first part states that the all of the economic and social inequalities are structured in a way that allows, firstly, the greatest benefit to those in the least advantageous positions. The second part explains that the equalities of society should be formed so that the offices and positions ( political, civic, or professional) should be open to all, regardless of income, station or status (Garrett, 2011).
The egalitarian viewpoint of the Principle of Equal Liberty is very libertarian in its perspective. On the surface this principle sounds quite fair and sound. However, in a society filled with classism, the poor, the middle class, and the wealthy it can be difficult to devise such a system based on that principle. In order for everyone to have truly equal rights to all of the same opportunities, be it education, employment, politics, or other forms of public service then the class system would have to be deconstructed or allow it to fade away while this new perspective becomes dominant. The second part of the Difference Principle also favors a rather egalitarian or libertarian perspective in that anyone should have the same