The idea of social contract originated in philosophical doctrines of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. Even though all of them used the notion “social contract”, each of them had different understanding of how exactly people conclude the contract. This means that ethical principles of social contract are also different for each theory. Still all of them agreed in one crucial point: to create efficient social contract every individual should follow the terms established in the particular kind of agreement. In fact this means that if people live together they need to sacrifice a part of their personal freedom and restrict themselves in different aspects of their lives (Holcombe 1978). It is quite obvious that any ethics require some sorts of restrictions of human personal freedom. As far as humans are the kind of beings who frequently make certain actions that can be harmful for others who live next to them in society, ethical principles are supposed to teach humans how to act not to harm. Basically, the main principle of social contract ethics is: do as you would be done by. Otherwise it would’ve been impossible for people to cohabitate together. Hobbes’ doctrine of social contract claims that people need to conclude the kind of agreement because their nature is evil and destructive. According to the agreement people give their personal freedom under someone’s control (either monarch’s or government’s) and the society lives in order following some strict rules established by the dictator.
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(Social Contract Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Social Contract Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/social-science/683137-social-contract-ethics.
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The concept of social contract requires wide exploration and analysis of its aspects, because as far as the theory concerns society in general there are a lot of things and contradictions to think about. The ethical issue of the concept claims to some special moral principles the participants of social contract should follow. …
Proposal Plan for the Essay on the Role of Social Contract in Western Political Theory Name Class Instructor Affiliation Date Essay Question The question for the essay plan will be: What is the role of the social contract in western political theory? An introduction to contextualize the question Social contract or, as it is sometimes referred to, political contract is an intellectual approach designed to elaborate the relationship between individuals in the society and the government (Rousseau, 2004, p.
However, people can also derive ethical standards based on a concept of duty from philosophical principles. John’s social contract theory furnishes a very vital example of formalism that influences thinking about personal ethics. This theory concerns itself with systems of establishing a way that people can use to construct a just society given the many inequalities in wealth, social status, and knowledge.
Ethics can also be termed as obligations or restrictions on a person to refrain from bad deeds like theft, murder, slander, assault, or being fraudulent. Ethics is also defined as a continuous self analysis with an objective to be a useful component of the community.
This is possibly because the legal framework during the time of Plato was not a complete system (Rousseau 23). It is for this point that modern philosopher Thomas Hobbes found loopholes in Plato’s account of the theory. Thomas gave the theory a different interpretation and explained the concept from the viewpoint of a world without rules and regulations.
They were at the losing end according to her perspective. On the other hand, Brett was suggesting that "the profit-oriented corporation, using deceit" was to be blamed in the Pan Pharmaceuticals debacle. He was looking at the problem from the Social Contract Theory.
However everyone in the USA is subject to the law and paying taxes, regardless of whether they have citizenship privileges. The legal system strives to enforce laws to protect the common good, preventing criminal acts which inflict suffering on others. This is an imperfect system that has some law-breakers getting away while other are wrongly convicted.
e the scandals around Enron, followed by Tyco, Adelphia, Parmalat, Global Crossing, Qwest, WorldCom, Health South, Bristol Myers, Fannie Mae, Aig, though it had been aroused long before the scandal outburst. The fraudulence of many corporations changed the range of topics
The author of the text mentions that the concept of social contract asserts that people come together to form political societies through a mutual understanding which is governed by a set of norms and rules. Namely, people do it in order to protect themselves from violence, as well as others from harm posed by each other in the society.
According to the report the social contract theory contends that morality entails a number of rules governing the social relationships of people and any reasonable person will be willing to abide by these rules given that the rest will do the same. Animals lack the ability to be rational and as such, they cannot be parties to a social contract.
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