The U.S had set a catch for continuous oil supply in exchange for economic and military aid they would give to the country especially with the return of Shah to power.
However, Shah made a grave mistake when he made a promise to the Iranians to increase personal freedoms and see to some social reforms. The promise was void and meanwhile, Shah’s wealth exponentially grew and he gave in to the luxury of western lifestyle. This made the Iranians angry, especially the religious folks that ultimately led the clergy into broadcasting loud and long against the shah and the queen. Mass revolt resulted and in January 1979, and the shah abdicated the throne for lack of an option (Feste; 4). The ruler that succeeded, Ayatollah Khomeini, veered against the United States government and denounced it as an enemy of Islam and the “Great Satan.” When shah was later diagnosed with lymphoma, the U.S consented to his request to receive treatment by the U.S doctors. That, in proverbial, was the “straw that broke the back of the camel” leading to a formation of a rabble from the rage of the Iranians and consequently storming the U.S Embassy in Teheran (Feste; 4).
Following this act, President Jimmy Carter with immediate effect applied diplomatic pressures and imposed economic sanctions to drive the Iranians into a position of negotiations to attempt the release of hostages. Initially, President Carter stopped oil import from Iran; he ejected a good number of Iranians from the states and lastly, froze the Iranian assets worth $8 billion in U.S. The Iranian government had initially denied the responsibility for the action. When the government failed to take any affirmative actions against those who were responsible, their denial was belied. The carter government at that point could do little other than persist and be patient.
In 1980, Iran gave a list of