In other words, democracy promotes the involvement of citizens in projects or activities that affect their lives within a country. Such projects or activities cut across voting, making laws, participating in public policy formulation, and general country governance.1 It is important to note that democracy has its liberal and conservative sides.
Conservative democracy is relatively restrictive in some issues. For example, both men and women could be voters within a given jurisdiction, but this right may not necessarily promote property ownership among women. Even though an aspect of democracy is identifiable in such a case, property ownership remains under a traditionalist approach. In other words, traditional factors result in conservatism even though the society could be said to embrace democracy. Human nature, beliefs, and culture are critical components of conservative democracy.
In contrast, liberal democracy is characteristic of widespread exposure to international concerns, interests, or developments. Liberalism does not only promote equal voting rights for both men and women, but also advocate for the practice of free and fair elections.2 The ideology of liberal democracy, therefore, encompasses more than just participation in elections. In addition, liberal democracy practices support the realization of equality and civil rights in society. The idea is to treat all persons as equal in a Free State or society.
Most importantly, liberal democracy advocates for press freedom, free practice of religion, private property, and free trade.3 While democracy is its simplest form is easy to comprehend, conservative democracy is relatively reluctant to accommodate the aforementioned aspects of liberal democracy. In this respect, there is clear-cut difference between liberal and conservative democracy.
The theory and ideology of democracy gives rise to