3. Bruce Riedel is a white male American, who was born in 1953, when he wrote the book in 2013; he was 60 years old. He has worked as with the CIA and he was a counter-terrorism expert he has been a presidential advisor for the last 29 years served under four presidents. His history and background make it easy for him to consider the facts objectively he presents given he has had considerable experience in the corridors of power
4. The primary audience for the book is the public rather than policy makers although they can also benefit from it from a professional perspective. He wants to render to the public his view of retrospective relations between the three nations and shares his opinions on the causes of the crisis, and how it can be resolved.
5. There is notable silence in the fact that the US park equation has not been addressed although they were responsible for provoking Islamic fever by encouraging al-Qaida forced against the Najeeb regime (Riedel 19).
6. The source is both prescriptive and descriptive since it discusses the situation and describes how it came about and what factors contributed for instance to rivalry between India and Pakistan. On the other hand, it is prescriptive since it attempts to give proposals of the action that should be taken to curb the runaway insecurity and violence between the two nations by the US and their respective leadership.
7. The author talks about various political ideology most prominent of which are capitalism and communism, which motivated the US to promote General Zia-ul-Haq a radical general in Pakistan to counter Russia’s influence in India which resulted in much of the present radicalization in Pakistan today.
8. Although he does not explicitly say so, the writer alludes to the fact that the lower classes take the brunt of the conflict while the higher ups experience it at a diplomatic level. The results of insecurity and poverty are shown