By disguising to advocate Islamic teachings, the royal family tends to justify monopolization of power that promotes authoritarianism. Islam, therefore, is an obstacle to transition from authoritarianism to democracy in the Middle East3. Further, Middle East states lack the prerequisites to enforce the principles of democratization. Lack of a strong civil society, a market driven economy, low income among a great part of the population, and literacy levels and regressive culture contribute to derail development of democratization in the Middle East4.
External powers play a fundamental role in instilling ideal and democratic governance in the Middle East5. Strategic guidance and control of the Middle East states by the external powers steers is a key input to help them in the constituting democratic rules and institutions. In addition, external powers precipitate in promoting investments and economic growth needed to expand all the middle class or citizens in the Middle East to enhance economic and social independence that are a prerequisite for democratization. In the process of expansion, external powers increase regime legitimacy and dampening Islamic radicalization. The strategies aid in steering further
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