he idea of precedent is the situation in which the lower courts in the federal system must hold and respect the decisions and findings made by the higher courts concerning similar cases. It gives the courts the authority of deciding the subsequent cases having similar issues. It is important because it tends to bring uniformity in the laws and assist the judges in the interpretation of the laws thereby bringing consistency (Whitten & Kellstedt 133).
The executive have the power to enact bills, make treaties and appoint judges and to ensure that the laws are adhered to. The legislation passes laws for the federal courts and can override the president’s veto. The judiciary however has only the power to interpret the laws enacted by the executive and the legislation (Primo & Clarke 28).
Under the first Amendment of the US Constitution, the press has absolute freedom to the access of any information for the media; they have libel and invasion of privacy suits, fines and imprisonment. The press is prohibited from involving in the acts of defamation that will injure an individual’s reputation in the society (Whitten & Kellstedt 139).
Clarence Earl Gideon was a poor drifter who was accused in a Florida court of felony theft that resulted in the US milestone supreme decision Gideon v Wainwright. In the conviction, he held that being that he was poor, does not prevent him from hiring a lawyer like the other convicts (Whitten & Kellstedt 153).
In the US Constitution, the right of privacy is limited to privacy of beliefs, privacy of a person and his possessions against unreasonable searches and the privacy of an individual’s home against demands used by house soldiers. Another limit of privacy is against self-incrimination thereby protection personal information (Primo & Clarke 185).Chapter Five
Equality of opportunity deals with the situation in which every individual has equal right of seeking public positions in which their talents and abilities enables them